arnica

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arnica

(är`nəkə), any plant of the genus Arnica, yellow-flowered perennials of the family Asteraceae (asteraster
[Gr.,=star], common name for the Asteraceae (Compositae), the aster family, in North America, name for plants of the genus Aster, sometimes called wild asters, and for a related plant more correctly called China aster (Callistephus chinensis
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 family), native to north temperate and arctic regions. In North America, arnicas grow in woody areas of the plains region and the Pacific coast, northward to arctic Alaska. Medicinal preparations for the treatment of wounds and bruises are sometimes made from arnica plants, chiefly A. montana of the European Alps. Arnica is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Asterales, family Asteraceae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Arnica

 

a genus of perennial herbs of the family Compositae.

There are more than 30 species of Arnica, most of which are found in North America. Some are found in Europe and Asia. In the USSR there are eight species. The best known is mountain tobacco (A. montana). It has a short, thick rhizome, is up to 60 cm high, and has a single involucrate head of yellow orange flowers. Mountain tobacco is found in Byelorussia, Lithuania, and the western Ukraine in forests and mountain meadows. As a rule, it grows in moist soils. In medicine an alcohol infusion made from the dried flower heads is used as a cholagogue and an antihemorrhagic (in uterine hemorrhaging). Mountain tobacco, A. foliosa, and A. chamissonis are cultivated as medicinal plants.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Company officials say it provides safe and effective relief for bruising, pain and swelling and contains Arnica Montana, a homeopathic remedy used for centuries to treat these conditions.
Estresse hidrico em feijoeiro (Phaseolus vulgares L.) tratado com o preparados homeopaticos de Arnica montana. Enciclopedia Biosfera, v.
Den Nijs, "Reproductive success and clonal genetic structure of the rare Arnica montana (Compositae) in The Netherlands," Plant Systematics and Evolution, vol.
Extract of the European flowering plant Arnica montana exerts a powerful anti-inflammatory and anti-itching effect.
The name of the classical medicinal plant Arnica montana definitely became known in Estonia before the mid-19th century, but it is impossible to tell when exactly the name first turned up in folklore.
Atrogel is made from freshly harvested, organically grown and hand picked arnica montana flowers.
Arnica (Arnica montana) is a small Alpine herb whose yellow flowers pack a powerful healing punch.
A team of researchers from the Drug Delivery Group at the Bradford School of Pharmacy in the UK found what they believe to be the scientific basis for the antibruising effects of Arnica montana in topical homeopathic preparations.
Arnica montana is a cream which contains lac tones which give it an antiinflammatory effect,dispelling pain.
Arnica Montana: A very broad-based remedy, Arnica's sphere is usually muscle injuries but it also works particularly well on injured tendons, ligaments, and inflammation around joints and bones.