Penzias, Arno Allan

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Penzias, Arno Allan,

1933–, German-American physicist, b. Munich, Germany, Ph.D. Columbia Univ., 1962. He fled Nazi Germany with his family and after finishing school began work at Bell Telephone Laboratories. In 1964 he and colleague Robert WilsonWilson, Robert Woodrow,
1936–, American radio astronomer, b. Houston, Tex., Ph.D. California Institute of Technology, 1962. In 1964 he and co-researcher Arno Penzias began monitoring radio waves in the Milky Way galaxy with a radio telescope and discovered cosmic
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 began monitoring radio waves in the Milky Way galaxy with a radio telescope and discovered cosmic background radiation. Their discovery has been used as evidence in support of the "big bang" theory that the universe was created by a giant explosion billions of years ago (see cosmologycosmology,
area of science that aims at a comprehensive theory of the structure and evolution of the entire physical universe. Modern Cosmological Theories
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). Penzias and Wilson shared the 1978 Nobel Prize in Physics with Peter KapitzaKapitza, Peter
, 1894–1984, Russian physicist, educated at the polytechnic institute of Petrograd (now St. Petersburg) and at Cambridge. He developed equipment (for a laboratory at Cambridge) capable of producing very powerful magnetic fields for his experiments in
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Radio astronomers Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson weren't looking for the cosmic microwave background when they stumbled upon it in 1964.
In some ways her name is deeply inscribed in history: Nobel laureate and head of research at Bell Labs Arno Penzias declared, "What we know as computer art began on a December morning in 1968 when Lillian Schwartz grasped a light pen and began to draw," (2) and her work is in the collections of top museums around the world, including the Museum of Modern Art in New York and the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam.
Working at Bell Labs in Holmdel, New Jersey, in 1964, Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson were experimenting with a 6 meter (20 ft) long, supersensitive horn antenna which was originally built to detect radio waves bounced off satellites.
When astronomers Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson discovered the cosmic microwave background, they "thought they had found pigeon poop instead of evidence for the Big Bang, and spent weeks cleaning their antenna," he wrote.
Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson made such an unexpected discovery in 1965, when their attempts to reduce the noise in their stateoftheart radio antenna led them to discern the cosmic microwave background.
As part of the deal, Alcatel-Lucent took over the remainder of the venerable Bell Labs, once the research heart of the old AT&T (NYSE:T), where the transistor was invented and physicist Arno Penzias devised the "big bang" theory.
Again, the opinions of noted scientists (Stephen Hawking, Arno Penzias) reveal there is very little chance that the universe could have started and remained sustained without the intervention of God.
In 1964, Arno Penzias and Robert Woodrow Wilson built an ultra-sensitive cryogenic microwave receiver, a large metallic funnel that looked like a megaphone for a demented and egomaniacal giant, and discovered an inexplicable sound they assumed had something to do with all those damn pigeons shitting on their invention, so they cleaned it up and even shot all the pigeons they could find, massacred a busload of incontinent squab, yet still that noise, not quite static, white and febrile and infinite, persisted.
According to Wired contributing editor Jonah Lehrer, what happened to Bell Labs astronomers Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson, winners of the 1978 Nobel Prize for physics, is often the way science works.
In 1964, Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson, two radio astronomers at the Holmdel Facilities of Bell Telephone Laboratories, were engaged in the difficult work of measuring the absolute source strengths of radio stars.
Page 164 of the book says that in 1965 Robert Wilson and Arno Penzias while using a Bell Laboratories radio telescope to survey the sky's radio background in preparation for planned communications satellites, found omnipresent noise they could not explain.