Arnold, Thomas

Arnold, Thomas,

1795–1842, English educator, b. Isle of Wight, educated at Winchester school and at Corpus Christi College, Oxford. He was a fellow of Oriel College, Oxford, from 1815 to 1819, was ordained deacon in 1818, and was from 1827 to 1842 headmaster of Rugby school, where he brought about many changes. Mathematics, modern languages, and modern history were added to the traditional classical curriculum, the monitorial system was introduced, and independent thought was encouraged. Arnold's reforms were influential beyond Rugby itself; his changes were adopted by most of the English secondary schools. Through the medium of his weekly sermons to his students in Rugby Chapel, Arnold inculcated the Christian principles and ideals that formed the core of his own religious convictions. An effective preacher, Arnold was an excellent classical scholar and historian as well. An edition of Thucydides (1835), History of Rome (3 vol., 1838–43; to the Punic Wars), and History of the Later Roman Commonwealth (pub. posthumously, 1845) are among the products of a lifetime of study. Arnold's expression of liberal political and theological views made him unpopular, however, and general recognition was not accorded him until 1841, when he was appointed regius professor of modern history at Oxford. Matthew Arnold was his son and Mary Augusta (Mrs. Humphry) Ward his granddaughter. Thomas Arnold is portrayed in Tom Brown's Schooldays (1857), a novel about life at Rugby by Thomas HughesHughes, Thomas,
1822–96, English author. A lawyer, Hughes eventually became a judge; he was also a Liberal member of Parliament and worked assiduously for social reforms. His novel of school life, Tom Brown's School Days (1857), is a classic.
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See A. F. Stanley, The Life and Correspondence of Thomas Arnold, D.D. (1844); A. Whitridge, Dr. Arnold of Rugby (1928); N. G. Wymer, Dr. Arnold of Rugby (1953, repr. 1970); T. W. Bamford, Thomas Arnold (1960); M. Trevor, The Arnolds (1973).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Biographer of Benjamin and William Franklin, of Benedict Arnold, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, and Ethan Allen, he has taught American history at John Cabot University in Rome and at the University of Vermont and Champlain College, where he was a professor.
Interview with Allen Arnold, Thomas Nelson Publishers.
Hampton Sports (back, from left) Daniel Wilks (captain), Joshua Clarke, Morgan Taylor (man of the match), Liam Goodwin, Aaron Arnold, Thomas Fisher, Matthew Franks; (centre) Lorenzo DeFeo (manager); (front) Alex Wilson, Jamie O'Neil, Joseph Topham, Thomas Hewitt, Thomas Power, Nicholas Burbidge, Jack Gorman.
The local squad of players comprised: Connor Arnold, Thomas Barton, Kristian Frisk, Marcus Frisk, Michael Oldrid, Joe Selby, Philip Smith (Birkenhead), John Burke, Mark McDonald, Patrick Mulholland, Peter Myles, Daniel Need, Matthew Quirk, Adam Smith (Liverpool), John Gatehouse, Sam Potter (Southport), Nathan Sutcliffe (Wallasey).
Honors - Sarah Arnold, Thomas Bessette, Joanna Brunnett, Jessica Daly, Acadia Zaik.
Hall joins Paul Knight, Paul Arnold, Thomas and Jody Peacock as the club's summer signings with several more to be announced imminently.
Among the many recent dissertations that treat Arnold along with other Victorian authors, two stand out as especially interesting: Mary Margaret Grover, "Fleshing Out the Victorian Public Sphere of Letters (Matthew Arnold, Thomas Carlyle, and Charlotte Bronte)" (University of Texas at Austin, DAI-A 61/08: 3183), and Lee Allan Behlman, "Faithful unto Death: The Postures of Victorian Stoicism" (DAI-A 61/10: 4003).
In his educational debates with Arnold, Thomas Huxley mentions Averroes--but not by name--once in a passing remark about the history of Western philosophy.
Beth Alford, Sarah Arnold, Thomas Bessette, Elizabeth Bonnayer, Joanna Brunnett, Jessica Daly, Jessica Gianfriddo, Tiffany Woodman.