Schwarzenegger, Arnold Alois

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Schwarzenegger, Arnold Alois,

1947–, Austrian-American actor, bodybuilder, and politician, b. Thal, Austria. He began competing in bodybuilding contests in his teens, and won his first of five Mr. Universe titles in 1967. He achieved public recognition for bodybuilding as a sport, and his quest in 1975 for his sixth of seven Mr. Olympia titles was chronicled in the documentary Pumping Iron (1977). He went on to become a Hollywood action star in such films as Conan the Barbarian (1982), The Terminator (1984) and its sequels, and True Lies (1994). His other movies include Predator (1987), Total Recall (1990), and such later and less successful films as Collateral Damage (2002) and Escape Plan (2013). He married Maria Shriver (daughter of Sargent ShriverShriver, Robert Sargent,
1915–2011, U.S. public official, b. Westminster, Md., husband of Eunice Shriver. A lawyer, he served in World War II and was (1945–46) an assistant editor of Newsweek
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) in 1987 (they separated in 2011), and was chairman (1990–92) of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports under President George H. W. Bush.

An increasingly politically active Republican during the 1990s, Schwarzenegger ran for the California governorship and won when Gray DavisDavis, Gray
(Joseph Graham Davis, Jr.), 1942–, U.S. politician, b. the Bronx, N.Y. A graduate of Stanford Univ. (1964) and Columbia Univ. Law School (1967), he entered the army and served in Vietnam (1968–69). Active in California Democratic politics, he was Gov.
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 was recalled in 2003. Initially popularly, Schwarzenegger suffered setbacks in 2005 when voters rejected several ballot measures he supported that would have place limits on the power and influence of the legislature and public employee unions. Subsequently, however, he adopted a less partisan approach, cooperating with the Democratic legislature on a minimum-wage hike and controls on greenhouse gas pollution, but his last years before he retired (2010) were marked by state financial difficulties due to recession.

Bibliography

See his autobiography (with P. Petre, 2012), biography by L. Leamer (2005).

References in periodicals archive ?
Cameron departed the franchise after T2, but Arnold Schwarzenegger returned as the T-800 in 'Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines' (2003), skipped 'Terminator: Salvation' (2009) and again reprised the role in last year's 'Terminator: Genisys'.
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Arnold Schwarzenegger signed legislation giving Villaraigosa and a token ``council of mayors'' from smaller cities absolute control over 36 poor-performing city schools and veto power over hiring school superintendents for the entire district, the second-largest in America with 650,000 students.
In the summer of 2005, Jessica's group met with state senators, as well as an aide to Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger, and lobbied their cause.
An Arnold Schwarzenegger museum featuring some of the training equipment once used by the body builder-turned-actor- turned-California governor is about to close.
The Santa Monica outpost, which houses the governor's film company; doubles as his state office whenever Arnold Schwarzenegger is in the neighborhood.
In that same special election, Californians voted to replace Gray Davis with Hollywood mega-star Arnold Schwarzenegger, a naturalized citizen who had never held an elective office.
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