Arnold Toynbee


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

Toynbee, Arnold

(toin`bē), 1852–83, English economic historian, philosopher, and reformer. After his graduation in 1878 he was a tutor at Balliol College, Oxford, and was active in reform work outside the university, particularly among the London poor. His influence on his students and contemporaries was great, although he lived to be only 31. Toynbee was interested in applying historical method to the study of economics. He objected to Marxism, believing that the best interests of labor and capital lay in cooperation. His lectures to workingmen were published as Lectures on the Industrial Revolution of the 18th Century in England (1884), a pioneer work in economic history. Toynbee Hall in London, the first settlement house, was named for him.

Bibliography

See biographies by A. Milner (1901) and F. C. Montague (1889, repr. 1973).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Toynbee, Arnold

 

Born Aug. 23, 1852, in London; died Mar. 9, 1883, in Wimbledon. English economic historian.

Toynbee graduated from Oxford University, where in 1878 he began teaching political economy and economic history. His studies of the capitalist industrialization of England were published under the title The Industrial Revolution (1884; Russian translation, 1898). Toynbee viewed the age of the industrial revolution as the most calamitous period in English history and believed it led to a marked widening of the gulf between the proletariat and the ruling classes. He held that relations between labor and capital should be moderated by government intervention, and to that end he advocated social legislation and arbitration as a means of preventing class conflicts at industrial enterprises. He also helped organize and direct the first education centers in working-class neighborhoods. Objectively, Toynbee’s activities were instrumental in stemming the growing influence of socialist ideas on English workers.

REFERENCES

Montague, F. C. Arnold Toynbee. Baltimore, 1889.
Toynbee, A. J. Experiences. London, 1969.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Using the ideas of Ayn Rand and Ludwig von Mises as his core premise he takes on established thinkers like Arnold Toynbee and John Kenneth Galbraith--thereby limiting his discussions to documented treatises.
Along the way, Mendelson weaves in an array of characters, from William Lyon Mackenzie King, who was Canada's prime minister for twenty-one years, to Arnold Toynbee, Martin Heidegger, Leo Strauss, and Leonard Cohen.
Jaime Antunez, profesor de la Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, ilustra que el analisis-sintesis que Dawson ofrece se aleja de los <<grandes discursos>> de Oswald Spengler (1880-1936) y Arnold Toynbee (1889-1975), al distanciarse de igual manera de planteamientos demasiado aprioristicos o ideologicos (pp.
The place of the Talmud in the thought of Jews, both religious and secular, was illuminated by an argument between two distinguished English writers, Arnold Toynbee (1889-1975) and the Reverend James William Parkes (1896-1981).
As a consequence of all of these forces, some historians, such as the Englishman Arnold Toynbee and the German Oswald Spengler, began to rethink the way history looked, and to present the idea of a world history that would uncover supra-national patterns of the human experience.
Historian Arnold Toynbee described the dynamics of civilization as a process of challenges and responses.
Entre los articulos de academicos de esta institucion, se destacan los del Embajador Heraldo Munoz, cuya especialidad y experiencia lo convierten en una de las personas mejor calificada para damos una perspectiva de la Organizacion de las Naciones Unidas en tiempos de cambio, de la Embajadora Maria Teresa Infante, cuya pluma siempre lucida se refiere a las nuevas realidades de la politica antartica chilena y de la profesora Maria Jose Henriquez, quien inspirandose en la obra del insigne historiador Arnold Toynbee nos ofrece una personal y profunda reflexion sobre la modernidad como relato.
Maurice, and Arnold Toynbee were key figures in the Liberal Anglican tradition, which supported the concept of nationalism.
1 wrote that it would be a "big mistake" for Hizbullah to accept a ceasefire "at present", adding: "British historian Arnold Toynbee has written that only a defeated army would commit a war crime [like Qana].
citizenship, John Kennedy said, "Winston Churchill mobilized the English language and sent it into battle." And the historian Arnold Toynbee in 1948 concluded that Churchill's wartime speeches spelled the difference between survival and defeat for Britain.