Arnold Veimer

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Veimer, Arnold Tynuvich


Born June 7 (20), 1903, on the Viimsi Estate, now within the city limits of Tallin. Soviet state figure; academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR (1967). Member of the CPSU since 1922. Born into the family of an agricultural worker.

Veimer joined the revolutionary movement in 1919 and was sentenced to a life term of forced labor in 1924. In May 1938 he was released in a general amnesty. In 1940 he participated in the reestablishment of the Soviet regime in Estonia and was elected a deputy to and chairman of the State Duma, which later became the Supreme Soviet of the Estonian SSR. In August 1940 he became people’s commissar of light industry of the Estonian SSR and in 1941 a member of the Central Committee of the CP (Bolshevik) of Estonia. He graduated from the department of economics of the University of Tartu in 1941. In 1944, Veimer became chairman of the Sovnarkom (Council of People’s Commissars), in 1946 chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Estonian SSR, in 1951 director of the Institute of Economics and Law of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR, in 1957 chairman of the Sovnarkhoz (Council of the Economy) of the Estonian SSR, and in 1965 vice-chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Estonian SSR. He has been president of the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR since 1968.

Veimer is the author of works on the economy of the Estonian SSR, including Problems of the National Economyof the Estonian SSR (1947), Integrated Development andSpecialization of the Industry of the Estonian EconomicAdministrative Region (1961), Development of the Industryof the Estonian SSR in a Seven-year Period (1959-1965) (1967), and The Socialist Industrialization of the EstonianSSR (1958). He was a deputy to the first through third, fifth, and sixth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. Viemer has been awarded three Orders of Lenin, three other orders, and medals.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In light industry (13), priority was given to the cotton textile industry, disregarding the opinion of the Deputy Chairman of the ESSR Council of the People's Commissars, Arnold Veimer, who considered the restoration of the local cotton textile industry ill-advised, particularly the Narva Kreenholm Cotton Mill, because of the excessive costs of raw material transportation from distant locations (Central Asia) and the shortage of a local workforce.
In his article "The need to raise the quality of planning" (25), published in 1946, head of the Soviet Estonian government, Arnold Veimer, describes planning as an awkward process at all levels, mostly due to the shortage of basic materials, the lack of information on the productive capacities of industrial enterprises, the non-existence of standard costs per unit of product for fuel, energy, labour resources and raw materials essential for planning the material requirements in any enterprise, and the lack of an overview of demand, or what goods and commodities and in what quantities needed to be produced.