Jean Arp

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Arp, Jean or Hans,

1887–1966, French sculptor and painter. Arp was connected with the Blaue ReiterBlaue Reiter, der
[Ger.,=the blue rider], German expressionist art movement, lasting from 1911 to 1914. It took its name from a painting by Kandinsky, Le cavalier bleu.
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 in Munich, various avant-garde groups in Paris, including the surrealists, and the Dadaists in Zürich. He consistently created novel and abstract forms in various media—bas-reliefs, collages, painted cutouts, sculpture in the round, and painted wood reliefs. Often given a humorous touch, his works contain elements of organic form while retaining their essential abstraction. With his wife, Sophie Taeuber-ArpTaeuber-Arp, Sophie,
1889–1943, Swiss textile designer, painter, and sculptor, b. Sophie Henriette Gertrude Taeuber. She taught textile design (1916–29) at the School of Arts and Crafts in Zürich, then moved to Paris with her husband, Jean Arp.
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, he created abstract multimedia works they called Duo-Collages. Arp finished a monumental wood relief for Harvard in 1950.

Bibliography

See his Arp on Arp, ed. by M. Jean (1972); catalog of his sculpture by François Arp (1968); study by H. Read (1968).

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