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Arrian Lucius Flavius Arrianus 'Xenophon'
BirthplaceNicomedia, Bithynia, Asia Minor
Historian, Public servant, military commander and Philosopher


(Flavius Arrianus) (âr`ēən), fl. 2d cent. A.D., Greek historian, philosopher, and general, b. Nicomedia in Bithynia. He was governor of Cappadocia under Emperor Hadrian and in A.D. 134 repulsed an invasion of the Alans. His chief work is the Anabasis, the prime extant source on Alexander the GreatAlexander the Great
or Alexander III,
356–323 B.C., king of Macedon, conqueror of much of Asia. Youth and Kingship

The son of Philip II of Macedon and Olympias, he had Aristotle as his tutor and was given a classical education.
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. Modeled on XenophonXenophon
, c.430 B.C.–c.355 B.C., Greek historian, b. Athens. He was one of the well-to-do young disciples of Socrates before leaving Athens to join the Greek force (the Ten Thousand) that was in the service of Cyrus the Younger of Persia.
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's famous book, the Anabasis relies chiefly on the writings of two of Alexander's generals (Ptolemy IPtolemy I
(Ptolemy Soter) , d. 284 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, the first ruler of the Macedonian dynasty (or Lagid dynasty), son of a Macedonian named Lagus. He was one of the leading generals of Alexander the Great, and after Alexander's death (323 B.C.
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 and Aristobulus) for source material. Other extant works include the Indica (an account of a voyage of Alexander's general NearchusNearchus
, fl. 324 B.C., Macedonian general, b. Crete; friend of Alexander the Great. In 325 B.C., Alexander, about to leave India, had a fleet built in the Indus to transport part of the army home. Nearchus was put in command.
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 to India) and parts of his edition of and commentaries on the Discourses of Epictetus.


See The Landmark Arrian, The Campaigns of Alexander: Anabasis Alexandrou, ed. by J. Romm (2010).

References in classic literature ?
Such was the successless armament of Xerxes described by Herodotus, or the successful expedition of Alexander related by Arrian.
It converses with truths that have always been spoken in the world, and becomes conscious of a closer sympathy with Zeno and Arrian than with persons in the house.
How Darius conducted himself in the second decisive battle of Gaugamela is described by Greek historian Arrian.
Resource Person Arrian Lim, cofounder of Enlit, a company established to inspire, motivate, teach and enable aspiring or start-up entrepreneurs through seminars, speaking engagements and individualized coaching and consultation, believed that one need not go into business first to obtain entrepreneurial literacy.
Briant's book is not a biography of Darius per se but rather a detailed treatment of how the Darius of the Greek and Roman historical tradition in particular came to be--in other words, a scholarly commentary on how authors like Arrian and Curtius Rufus came to depict the storied Persian monarch as they did.
Arrian described the coastline as the country of Ichthyophagoi i.
The police detained 19-year-old Mary Rose Nabo, Arrian Caballes, Rofel Sia and Josephine Venegas, who were in the vicinity during the encounter.
The primary sources for our study of Phoenicia have traditionally been Josephus and Menander of Ephesus (who quote extinct "Annals of Tyre"), the Old Testament, and the Greek and Roman historians Herodotus, Xenophon, Diodorus Siculus, Arrian, Eusebius of Caesarea, and Philo of Byblos.
Sieges would remain important elements of Greek historiography under the Roman empire, with notable examples of extended descriptions appearing in Josephus, Arrian, Cassius Dio and Herodian.
Schwanbeck, and of the First Part of the Indika of Arrian.

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