(redirected from Arrian of Nicomedia)
Arrian Lucius Flavius Arrianus 'Xenophon'
BirthplaceNicomedia, Bithynia, Asia Minor
Historian, Public servant, military commander and Philosopher


Arrian (Flavius Arrianus) (ârˈēən), fl. 2d cent. A.D., Greek historian, philosopher, and general, b. Nicomedia in Bithynia. He was governor of Cappadocia under Emperor Hadrian and in A.D. 134 repulsed an invasion of the Alans. His chief work is the Anabasis, the prime extant source on Alexander the Great. Modeled on Xenophon's famous book, the Anabasis relies chiefly on the writings of two of Alexander's generals (Ptolemy I and Aristobulus) for source material. Other extant works include the Indica (an account of a voyage of Alexander's general Nearchus to India) and parts of his edition of and commentaries on the Discourses of Epictetus.


See The Landmark Arrian, The Campaigns of Alexander: Anabasis Alexandrou, ed. by J. Romm (2010).

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Dr Shaikh Sultan continued: "Arrian of Nicomedia (Arrianus) wrote this book, Indica, which means India, utilising what Nearchus wrote.
A Critical Review of the Historiographical Sources for the History of the Parthian Empire (247 B.C.-228 A.D.): the Case of Apollodorus of Artemita and Arrian of Nicomedia
Arrian of Nicomedia, a provincial governor under Hadrian, suggests the spectacle in his Ars tactica (AD 131-37).

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