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An installation whose primary mission is research, development, and manufacture pertaining to assigned items or components.
An installation having coequal missions of maintenance and supply for assigned items or components.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a military establishment designed to receive, store, register, and distribute armament and ammunition to troops, to assemble and repair them, and to manufacture certain of their component parts.

Up to the end of the 19th century most of the arsenals of all countries were occupied with the mass production of many kinds of armament and ammunition for the land and naval forces. Arsenal plants had on their premises storehouses of weapons and armaments. The most important arsenals in Russia were the St. Petersburg arsenal known as the Foundry and Cannon Yard, the Kiev and Briansk arsenals, and the Sevastopol’ and Kronstadt naval arsenals; in Germany, the Munich arsenal; in France, the Lyon arsenal; in England, the Woolwich arsenal; in the USA, the Frankfort and Springfield arsenals and others. In the 20th century the growth of arms production into a basic independent industry necessitated a separation between the point of manufacture and the point of storage of weapons and ammunition. Because of this, arsenals lost their former significance and now serve only as bases or storehouses for various purposes. In the USSR the term “arsenal” is not used to designate a military establishment.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bush and Al Gore presidential campaigns displayed a vast gulf of silence toward the solemn commitment made by the United States to "the total elimination of nuclear arsenals." (Candidate Bush, however, did say some promising things about de-alerting.)
"As long as these weapons exist in the arsenals of some," says South Africa's Deputy Foreign Minister Abdul Minty, "others will aspire to possess them."
The arsenal quickly served as manager of supply contracts with private manufacturers, but by the early 1820s it had commenced handicraft production of ammunition.
The manufacture of ammunition became more structured by stages, but machinery did not come into use until the early 1850s when the arsenal mechanized the production of percussion caps, following the lead of other government and private establishments.
The records of the arsenal provide limited evidence to assess its operations before 1830, but after that date the picture clears.
More attention to discussion of the transformation of the arsenal as a manufacturing enterprise throughout the period before 1870 would provide better reference points to evaluate its position in military industrial technology.
Farley hints at fascinating questions about the means of technology transfer in the discussion of the mechanization drive led by Major Peter Hagner, commander of the arsenal during the 1850s.