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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city; center of Artashat Raion, Armenian SSR; located in the Ararat Valley on the Araks River and on the Yerevan-Dzhul’fa highway. Railroad station 29 km southeast of Yerevan. Population in 1969 was 15,000.

Artashat is the center of one of the leading viticultural regions. Wine-making, canning, and the production of instruments, parquet, and ceramic and pottery articles are among the industries of Artashat; the city has a spinning and knitting combine, a fruit combine and a furniture factory. It has a theater and the Museum of the Revolution.

The capital of ancient Armenia, which bore the name of Artashat, was founded about 176 B. C. on the Khor-Virapa hills near modern Artashat. The city was well fortified and, in comparison with the former capital, Armavir, more advantageously situated (important trade routes, including the silk route, passed near it). It was a major center for handicrafts, trade, and Hellenistic culture; the first Armenian theater was constructed in Artashat. The city was destroyed on several occasions (by the Romans in A.D. 58 and 163 and by the Iranians during 364–68). The middle of the fifth century marked the decline of the city as the capital of Armenia was moved to Dvin.


Manandian, la. A. O torgovle i gorodakh Armenii ν sviazi s mirovoi torgovlei drevnikh vremen. Yerevan, 1954.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Another rally has been held in the Artashat town of Armenia.Representatives of small and medium-sized businesses, who complain of arbitrariness, tax terror and extortion by the local department of the State Revenue Committee, tookto the streets of the town andcomplained that they were robbed mercilessly under the previous government and nothing has changed under the new authorities.
In Artashat it was reported that the repatriates did not know the constitution or the law, while in Dilijan and Ghapan there were concerns that no propaganda work was carried out among the repatriates.
Let us now examine the evidence for this "Sasanian iconoclasm," which Boyce claims to be "fairly abundant, from diverse sources." (39) According to the Armenian historian Movses Xorenac'i, after the victory over the Armenian Arsacids Ardasir I destroyed the statues of the Armenian gods at Artashat, while keeping the "fire of Ormizd" burning:
Armavir, Masis, Artashat, Sevan, Dilijan, Ijevan, Martuni, Kapan and Kajaran.
Within a short time, gross settlement of Armenians from Iran and Turkey (above mentioned map is well illustrating the geographical proximity of these states) in the territories of Azerbaijan has begun for instance in Iravan, Nagorno-Karabakh, Nakhchivan, Zengezur, Dereleyez, Ordubad, Vedibasar, Artashat and others.
Along with the rapid response assurances of the CSTO, Russian military bases in the Armenian cities of Gyumri, Armavir, Artashat and Meghri that house radars and provide border security are other elements that complete the picture.
Principal battles: Tigranocerta (Siirt) (69); Artaxata (Artashat) (68).
This time they took to the streets of the town of Artashat to express dissatisfaction with the work of representatives of the tax authority.