Artevelde, Philip van

Artevelde, Philip van,

1340–82, Flemish popular leader, captain general of Ghent; son of Jacob van ArteveldeArtevelde, Jacob van
, c.1290–1345, Flemish statesman, of a wealthy family of Ghent. In 1337 the Flemish cloth industry underwent a severe crisis. The pro-French policy of the count of Flanders in the conflict between Edward III of England and Philip VI of France cut off
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. In the struggle between the so-called Goods (the propertied classes supported by the count of Flanders) and the Bads (the workers, led by the weavers), he put himself (1381) at the head of the rebellious weavers. He captured (1382) Bruges and most of Flanders but was defeated and killed at Rozebeke by the French under Olivier de Clisson.
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