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(in Sanskrit, literally “the science of benefit, of practical life”), an ancient Indian treatise, a collection of precepts on government. Authorship is ascribed to Kautilya (fourth century B.C.), but it is more likely that the basis of the Arthashastra was provided by him and that it was then filled out and reworked up to the second and third centuries A.D. It is a major source of information on the social relations, economy, and political institutions of ancient India.


Artkhashastra, ili Nauka politiki. Moscow-Leningrad, 1959. (Translated from Sanskrit.)


Bongard-Levin, G. M. “K vykhodu ν svet russkogo perevoda ‘Artkhashastry.’” Problemy vostokovedeniia, 1960, no. 3.
References in periodicals archive ?
Some of the students who graduated from Takshashila university included the great political master Chanakya (also called Kautilya/Vishnugupta) who not only authored the world's finest work till today on political duties, statecraft, economic policies, state intelligence systems, administrative skills and military strategy, called the Artha Shastra which consists of 15 books, but who also guided Chandragupta Maurya as a mentor who founded the Great Mauryan Empire, and also served as the Prime Minister of the Mauryan Empire.
Ravi Bhagavatula, Chairman at ArthaYantra's Board, comments, "We are proud to launch Arthos as a product of the future in India, where the well known Artha Shastra was originally created thousands of years ago.
Although the Artha Shastra, an ancient Sanskrit text on civil society, mentions male homosexuality in a list of sexual crimes, the penalty was quite mild and required the of- fender to pay only a small monetary fine.