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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(in Sanskrit, literally “the science of benefit, of practical life”), an ancient Indian treatise, a collection of precepts on government. Authorship is ascribed to Kautilya (fourth century B.C.), but it is more likely that the basis of the Arthashastra was provided by him and that it was then filled out and reworked up to the second and third centuries A.D. It is a major source of information on the social relations, economy, and political institutions of ancient India.


Artkhashastra, ili Nauka politiki. Moscow-Leningrad, 1959. (Translated from Sanskrit.)


Bongard-Levin, G. M. “K vykhodu ν svet russkogo perevoda ‘Artkhashastry.’” Problemy vostokovedeniia, 1960, no. 3.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The historian Strabo (XV,1,46) states that the State had a monopoly on shipbuilding as stated in the 'Arthasastra' while they hired ships to merchants.
The meaning of varga as a grouping or cluster is made clear by a statement in Kautilya's Arthasastra about official royal documents: "A varga should be made with a minimum of one and a maximum of three words so as not to create an impediment to meaning of the other words" (KAS 2.10.21: ekapadavaras tripadaparah parapadarthanuparodhena vargah karyah).
Kautilya's Arthasastra on war and diplomacy in ancient India.
In India, there have been a number of books written on the ideal city and its architecture, including Arthasastra and Manasara, which were written in ancient times.
Did not Kautilya in his Arthasastra describe 'Rajdharma' as the duty of the ruler to seek the happiness of the people?
Seren provides examples of the least known cases and events, like Arthasastra of Kautilya, to offer a wide spectrum of input.
16 Roger Boesche, "Kutilya's Arthasastra on War and Diplomacy in Ancient India," The Journal of Military History 67, no.1 (2003): 9-37.
(2003) Kautilya's Arthasastra on War and Diplomacy in Ancient India.
"Traces of Early Purohita Knowledge in the Kautiliya Arthasastra," Indologica Taurinensia 23/24 (1997/1998), 653-61.
Closer home, we have the philosophy of "Matsya -Nyaya" (The Way of the Fish), i.e., the big fish devouring the small ones, coming down from Vedic sages even before Kautilya brought it into his compendium on inter-state-relations, the Arthasastra. If that is the way state relations should be judged, then the question raised in the above title is answered.