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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(in Sanskrit, literally “the science of benefit, of practical life”), an ancient Indian treatise, a collection of precepts on government. Authorship is ascribed to Kautilya (fourth century B.C.), but it is more likely that the basis of the Arthashastra was provided by him and that it was then filled out and reworked up to the second and third centuries A.D. It is a major source of information on the social relations, economy, and political institutions of ancient India.


Artkhashastra, ili Nauka politiki. Moscow-Leningrad, 1959. (Translated from Sanskrit.)


Bongard-Levin, G. M. “K vykhodu ν svet russkogo perevoda ‘Artkhashastry.’” Problemy vostokovedeniia, 1960, no. 3.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nehru used to study his famous book; Arthashastra, which deals with power politics; as a dedicated routine.
Chanakya's epic treatise on statecraft, Arthashastra, was composed some 2300 years ago, and very evidently incorporates the Takshashila (modern Taxila) traditions of military science going back to the pre-Buddha era, that is before the sixth century BC.
To quote the FT, 'The war of the future will not necessarily be declared but will oversee a sliding scale of aggression and violence.' Today's strategy combines conventional warfare with irregular tactics and terrorist acts, subverting the country's ideology, and spreading calumny and falsehood a la 'Kautilya Arthashastra' to muddy the reputation of our Armed Forces through their motivated proxies in our media.
Secondly, a Hindu India would pursue even more zealously than otherwise the goal of establishing its hegemony in South Asia in accordance with the teachings contained in Kautilya's Arthashastra written around 300 B.C.
Borrowing from Kautilya's Arthashastra, she urged that the department should collect taxes like the 'bee' who sucks only that much nectar from the flower as is absolutely necessary.
Admiral Arun Prakash argues in The New Arthashastra: A Security Strategy for India that India being economically and militarily weaker than China, should turn toward sea and exploit China's Malacca Dilemma.
Its historical pedigree goes back to the fifth century BC when Sparta went to war with Athens, consider also the Arthashastra written about 2400 years ago.
Even before Sun Tzu, Kautliya in Arthashastra supported disinformation as a civil and military warfare tool within his concept of koota yuddha (unprincipled warfare as distinguished from dharma yuddha, righteous warfare).
Mahatma Gandhi could not invoke the Arthashastra to demand freedom.
For example, Kautilya's Arthashastra presents a practical account of how kings seeking political dominance should only wage war as a last resort.