Arthrodesis


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arthrodesis

[är′thräd·ə·səs]
(medicine)
Fusion of a joint by removing the articular surfaces and securing bony union. Also known as operative ankylosis.

Arthrodesis

 

an operation that completely immobilizes a joint with the object of restoring an extremity’s supportive capability lost in certain diseases or injuries. Loss of supportive capacity may occur as a result of improperly knitted joint fractures, in tuberculosis, and in other acute and chronic joint inflammations. Arthrodesis consists in removing the cartilaginous surfaces (sometimes resecting the articular extremities of bones) and then fixing the joint surfaces in close contact until they knit. Knitting of the joint extremities may be accelerated by the compression method—compressing the joint ends with a special apparatus after removing the articular cartilage or after resecting the articular extremities of the bone.

V. N. GUR’EV

References in periodicals archive ?
Patients treated with reconstruction or arthrodesis follow a similar progression but with a longer period of initial immobilization and a slight delay before permitting therapy and full activity.
Posterior approach for thoracolumbar corpectomies with expandable cage placement and circumferential arthrodesis: a multicenter case series of 67 patients.
Both radiologists and other physicians should consider this entity in all patients with cardiopulmonary symptoms and a previous history of arthrodesis.
Although different methods are described in the literature, elbow arthrodesis is a rarely applied procedure due to difficulty, limited indication, and high complication rate.
Although considered the gold standard in the human literature, (19,23,24) ligament repair has not been reported in birds, with arthrodesis, extracapsular repair, and extraskeletal fixation being used preferentially, with mixed results.
Several methods have been described for arthrodesis of the RA wrist, including bone graft and immobilization [4], intramedullary pins supplemented with staples or Kirschner wires [5, 6], and plates [7].
Severe DNOAP was defined with the occurrence of bony deformities leading to a loss of the plantigrade foot alignment, with subsequent surgical corrective osteotomy with reconstructive arthrodesis. CCM reconstruction data were not available due to artefacts in two of the diabetic patients.
Jenkins, "Atlanto-axial arthrodesis by the wedge compression method," Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, vol.
Revision of the TAR was defined as any secondary operation in which a prosthetic component was exchanged and/or conversion to an arthrodesis had to be performed, for any reason.
He was destined to spend the rest of his life on painkillers until he heard about the ankle-fusing operation - arthroscopic arthrodesis - carried out at Spire Yale Hospital in Wrexham.
Harold was a mean golfer, but as a result of locomotor problems due to an arthrodesis of his ankle followed by a rupture of the tibialis anterior, he changed to bowls and thoroughly enjoyed the social mix of his fellow bowlers.