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Permanent fixation of a joint in a flexed position.



a congenital disease manifested in flexure (contracture) of the joints of the extremities as a result of atrophy of the muscles and replacement of muscle fibers by fatty tissue. In arthrogryposis the upper extremities are pressed to the torso and the elbow joints are unbent; the wrists and fingers are bent and adducted, resembling the talons of a predatory bird. The lower extremities are bent and abducted at the hip joints and unbent at the knees. The feet are deformed (clubfoot). The treatment is orthopedic—corrective splints, operations, and exercises. The earlier the treatment, the better the results.


Fridland, M. O. Ortopediia, 5th ed. Moscow, 1954.
References in periodicals archive ?
Anonymous was looking for any books on Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita (AMC) and where to find them.
A number of disorders affect motor patterns in the limbs, including arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, muscular dystrophy, spinal muscular atrophy, spinal cord injury, cerebral palsy, and stroke.
Akers was born with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, an illness that weakened the muscles that move her joints, requiring her to use a wheelchair most of the time.

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