Arthroplasty


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arthroplasty

[′är·thrō‚plas·tē]
(medicine)
The making of an artificial joint.
Reconstruction of a new and functioning joint from an ankylosed one; a plastic operation upon a joint.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Arthroplasty

 

an operation that restores function of a joint.

Indications for arthroplasty are ankyloses, improperly knitted intra-articular fractures, and deforming arthroses. Arthroplasty consists in disconnecting the joint extremities, modeling new joint surfaces, and placing between them layers of the patient’s tissue (skin or fascia). Caps of cartilage or fetal membrane (amnion) are also used. Preserved joint extremities (homohemijoints) or whole joints (homojoints) taken from corpses, artificial joint heads of plastic or metal (for example, the head of the femur in arthroplasty of the hip joint), and artificial joints (for example, metallic prostheses of the hip joint or of finger joints) are widely used. After the operation, prolonged functional treatment (therapeutic exercise, physiotherapy, and massage) is mandatory.

REFERENCE

Chaklin, V. D. Operativnaia ortopediia. Moscow, 1951.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Comparison of continuous epidural analgesia, patientcontrolled analgesia with morphine, and continuous three-in-one femoral nerve block on postoperative outcomes after total hip arthroplasty. Clin Orthop Surg 2015 ; 7(2): 164-70.
How Much Does the Anatomical Tibial Component Improve the Bony Coverage in Total Knee Arthroplasty. Journal of Arthroplasty, pp.
In conjunction, the OVOMotion Shoulder Arthroplasty System is cleared for use in conjunction with the novel Arthrosurface Inlay Glenoid System.
The Persona Tibia is an integral component under its portfolio of cementless total knee arthroplasty (TKA) solutions.
The medical records of patients who underwent simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty at an urban teaching hospital in the Midwest between July 8, 2013, and July 8, 2015, were reviewed.
Uses of tobramycin and vancomycin antibiotic spacers used in two-stage revision arthroplasty have potentially severe complications of acute renal failure.
While there are limited reports of trunnion wear using the Accolade total hip arthroplasty system, to the best knowledge of the research team, no reports exist demonstrating trunnion wear to such a significant level (Figure 2(c)) as that seen in our case [3, 5, 6].
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) has revolutionized the care of patients with end-stage joint disease, leading to pain relief, functional recovery, and substantial improvement in the quality of life (2).
All patients with a confirmed diagnosis of Parkinson's disease having total hip arthroplasty at our institution between January 2005 and December 2012 were enrolled in a retrospective analysis.
Clinical Outcomes and Costs Within 90 Days of Primary or Revision Total Joint Arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty.