Arthur James Balfour

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Balfour, Arthur James


Born July 25, 1848, in Whit-tingehame; died Mar. 19, 1930, in Fisher’s Hill, county of Surrey. English statesman; from 1922, Lord Balfour. One of the leaders of the Conservative Party.

From 1887 to 1891 he served as the minister of affairs for Ireland, implementing a policy of harsh repression against the Irish national liberation movement. He was minister of finance during 1891–92 and 1895–1902. From 1902 to 1905 Balfour was prime minister; his government supported Japan in the Russo-Japanese war of 1904–05, and concluded an agreement with France (1904) which became the basis of the Entente. He was naval minister in 1915–16 and minister of foreign affairs from 1916 to 1919. He was the author of the so-called Balfour Declaration (November 1917) on the creation of a Jewish “national home” in Palestine; the document reflected the striving of British imperialism to maintain its domination in the Near East. From March 1918 Balfour was an active participant in the implementation of anti-Soviet intervention. He was a member of the government during 1919–22 and 1925–29. He led the English delegation to the Washington Conference of 1921–22.


Young, K. A. J. Balfour.... London [1963].
Judd, D. Balfour and the British Empire. London-New York, 1968. (Contains bibliography.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Generations of dispossessed Palestinians have nothing to thank Arthur Balfour or successive British governments for.
In 1917, British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour issued a declaration expressing support for a ''national home'' for the Jews in Palestine.
In the decades that followed, many echoed Darwin's question, but it may have been Sir Arthur Balfour who first helped formulate it into a coherent argument in The Foundations of Belief (1895) and Theism and Humanism (1915).
It was drafted by Zionist leaders, revised and approved by the British war cabinet, and forwarded by Lord Arthur Balfour, the British Foreign Secretary, to Lord Rothschild, a Zionist and one of its drafters.
The story of the 1922 Palestine Mandate and the actions of British Prime Minister David Lloyd George and his colleague Arthur Balfour in laying the groundwork for the 1948 United Nations resolution establishing the State of Israel are widely known.
The Balfour Declaration of 1917 - actually a letter from the British foreign secretary, Arthur Balfour, to the most senior Jew in England, Lord Rothschild - pledged assistance for the Zionist cause ignoring the consequences to the native majority.
Two days later, Britain's Foreign Secretary, Arthur Balfour, sent this message in a letter to Lord Walter Rothschild, the head of Britain's most prominent Jewish family, and a week later the so-called Balfour Declaration was made public.
Over a century ago, the former Tory Prime Minister Arthur Balfour, said he'd rather take advice from his valet than the Conservative conference.
Between 1868 and 1935 there were eleven premiers of whom six were Scots by birth or ancestry: William Ewart Gladstone (1809-98), Archibald, 5th Earl of Rosebery (1847-1929), Arthur Balfour (1848-1930), Henry Campbell-Bannerman (1836-1908), Andrew Bonar Law (1858-1923) and Ramsay MacDonald (1866-1937).
Representative of their approach is the caption accompanying plate seventeen, which shows General Sir Henry Rawlinson, commander of the principal field army on the Somme, and Sir Arthur Balfour of the Cabinet War Committee.
The British war cabinet, led by Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour, modified the document, and issued it on Nov.
Sneh Mahajan claims that Arthur Balfour was "in awe" of Russian power (p.