Arthur James Balfour

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Balfour, Arthur James


Born July 25, 1848, in Whit-tingehame; died Mar. 19, 1930, in Fisher’s Hill, county of Surrey. English statesman; from 1922, Lord Balfour. One of the leaders of the Conservative Party.

From 1887 to 1891 he served as the minister of affairs for Ireland, implementing a policy of harsh repression against the Irish national liberation movement. He was minister of finance during 1891–92 and 1895–1902. From 1902 to 1905 Balfour was prime minister; his government supported Japan in the Russo-Japanese war of 1904–05, and concluded an agreement with France (1904) which became the basis of the Entente. He was naval minister in 1915–16 and minister of foreign affairs from 1916 to 1919. He was the author of the so-called Balfour Declaration (November 1917) on the creation of a Jewish “national home” in Palestine; the document reflected the striving of British imperialism to maintain its domination in the Near East. From March 1918 Balfour was an active participant in the implementation of anti-Soviet intervention. He was a member of the government during 1919–22 and 1925–29. He led the English delegation to the Washington Conference of 1921–22.


Young, K. A. J. Balfour.... London [1963].
Judd, D. Balfour and the British Empire. London-New York, 1968. (Contains bibliography.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Generations of dispossessed Palestinians have nothing to thank Arthur Balfour or successive British governments for.
Arthur Balfour was British Prime Minister during the reign of which monarch?
The 1917 Balfour Declaration was sent as a 67-word statement within a letter sent by the British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour to Lord Lionel Walter Rothschild.
The crucial role that it played in bringing working men and non-conformists together to support a Conservative-dominated alliance was ignored, firstly by Lord Salisbury and then, most seriously, by the new Prime Minister, Arthur Balfour, in the 1902 Education Act.
Arthur Balfour was Foreign Secretary in The Government.
In 1891, Arthur Balfour, the Chief Secretary of the Irish government established the Congested Districts Board (CDB) in order to encourage development in eight western counties.
If he really does, as he suggested he would, launch a staunch defence of Arthur Balfour's missive to Baron Phillipe de Rothschild, he must love getting lambasted in the Guardian.
In 1917, British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour issued a declaration expressing support for a ''national home'' for the Jews in Palestine.
In the decades that followed, many echoed Darwin's question, but it may have been Sir Arthur Balfour who first helped formulate it into a coherent argument in The Foundations of Belief (1895) and Theism and Humanism (1915).
It was drafted by Zionist leaders, revised and approved by the British war cabinet, and forwarded by Lord Arthur Balfour, the British Foreign Secretary, to Lord Rothschild, a Zionist and one of its drafters.
The story of the 1922 Palestine Mandate and the actions of British Prime Minister David Lloyd George and his colleague Arthur Balfour in laying the groundwork for the 1948 United Nations resolution establishing the State of Israel are widely known.