Arthur Holmes

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Holmes, Arthur


Born Jan. 14, 1890, in Hebbern; died Sept. 20, 1965, in Putney (London). British geologist and petrog-rapher. Fellow of the Royal Society of London (1942).

Holmes graduated from the University of London in 1909. From 1927 to 1943 he was a professor at the University of Durham, and beginning in 1943, he was a professor at the University of Edinburgh. His principal works dealt with the theory of measuring the absolute ages of rocks and of the earth as a whole. Holmes was the first to note the role played by 40K in the heat balance of the crust. He demonstrated that tectonic-magmatic phenomena are linked to the upper 20–40 km of the earth’s mantle. Holmes was the author of works on the Precambrian of Africa and India and textbooks on physical geology and petro-graphic methods of studying rocks.


The Age of the Earth. London-Edinburgh-Paris, 1937.
The Nomenclature of Petrology, 2nd ed. London, 1928.
In Russian translation:
Osnovy fizicheskoi geologii. Moscow, 1949.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
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Mary and Arthur Holmes and (below) on their wedding day in 1940
Arthur Holmes, 1890-1965, is acknowledged as one of the greatest earth scientists of the past century and founded the Department of Earth Sciences at Durham University.
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THIS is Arthur Holmes, victim of a tragic blaze in the village where he lived for more than 50 years.
Already named in honour of geologist Arthur Holmes are a Durham University laboratory, a European Geosciences Union medal and even a crater on Mars.
The others are geologist Arthur Holmes, songwriter Alex Glasgow, industrialist and founder of Clarke Chapman, William Clarke, and the Dodds sisters, who founded the Little Theatre in Gateshead.
Chart chairman Mr Arthur Holmes said: "The company will significantly expand our global reach and provides a strategic base from which to introduce Chart products to the European Union."