Arthur Honegger

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Honegger, Arthur

(hŭn`ēgər, Fr. ärtür ônāgĕr`), 1892–1955, Swiss-French composer, studied at the conservatories of Zürich and Paris. One of the group of Parisian composers called Les SixSix, Les
, a short-lived group of six young early 20th-century French musicians. They were united by their adverse reactions to the extravagant impressionism of French composers such as Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel and the overwrought romanticism of Germans such as Richard
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, he wrote music ranging from satire to intensely religious works that are marked by incisive rhythms and sharp dissonances, often the result of his use of polytonality. Besides Pacific 231 (1923)—the first of three mouvements symphoniques—his outstanding works are of a theatrical nature, such as ballets, the operas Judith (1926) and Antigone (1927, libretto by Jean CocteauCocteau, Jean
, 1889–1963, French writer, visual artist, and filmmaker. He experimented audaciously in almost every artistic medium, becoming a leader of the French avant-garde in the 1920s.
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), music for films, including Mayerling (1935), and the stage oratorio King David (1921). He also set texts of Paul ClaudelClaudel, Paul
, 1868–1955, French dramatist, poet, and diplomat. He was ambassador to Tokyo (1921–27), Washington, D.C. (1927–33), and Brussels (1933–35).
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 to music.

Honegger, Arthur


Born Mar. 10, 1892, in Le Havre; died Nov. 27, 1955, in Paris. French composer and music figure. Of Swiss parentage. Member of the Institut de France (1953).

Honegger studied under A. Gedalge, C. M. Widor, and V. d’Indy. In the 1920’s he was a member of the group known as Les Six. He was influenced by I. Stravinsky, E. Satie, and J. Cocteau, all of whom opposed impressionism and expressionism. As far back as the mid-1920’s, however, Honegger followed an independent course. In the 1930’s he was an active figure in the National Music Federation. He composed music for outdoor presentations of plays, including The Fourteenth of July (1936, Paris) and Liberty (1937), and wrote popular songs and marches. In 1928, Honegger visited the USSR, where he gave concerts in which he conducted his own works.

Honegger’s work combines, in an original fashion, the traditions of French and Swiss folk and professional music with the best of 20th-century music. His works are distinguished by their humanism and progressive, antifascist tendencies. He contributed much to the development of the oratorio. In his oratorios, elements of neoclassicism and romanticism are refracted through the prism of his artistic individuality. Of these works, the most notable are the dramatic oratorio King David (1921, 3rd ed., 1924), the oratorio Cries of the World (1931), the dramatic oratorio Joan of Arc at the Stake (1935), the cantata Song of Liberation (1942), and the Christmas Cantata (1953). Honegger wrote five symphonies (1930–50) and other orchestral works, including Pacific 231 (1923) and Monopartite (1951). He also wrote ballets, operettas, romances, songs, piano pieces, and music for the theater, radio, and screen.


Incantation aux fossiles. Lausanne, 1948.
In Russian translation:
Ia—kompozitor. Leningrad, 1963.


Rappoport, L. Artur Onegger. Leningrad, 1967.
Rappoport, L. “Nekotorye osobennosti garmonii A. Oneggera.” In the
collection Problemy lada. Moscow, 1972. Shneerson, G. Frantsuzskaia muzyka XX veka, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1970. Pavchinskii, S. Simfonicheskoe tvorchestvo A. Oneggera. Moscow, 1972. Gérard, C. A. Honegger. Brussels, 1945. Guibert, J. A. Honegger. Paris [1959].


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Many of these were primarily composers, like Aaron Copland, Arthur Honegger, and Darius Milhaud, who were active before the Second World War and whose relationship with Mahler remains to be more fully discussed.
Singer Siri Vik joins Peplowski on clarinet and Ted Rosenthal on piano for a program that includes works by Darius Milhaud, Frances Poulenc, Germaine Taileferre, George Auric, Arthur Honegger and Louis Durey.
But the composition I would really urge everyone to try is Une Cantate de Noel by the Swiss composer Arthur Honegger, written during the early 1950s as he was already dying from heart disease, and bursting with cries from the depths which are eventually comforted by angelic children's voices and a joyous amalgam of Christmas carols from a multi-rhythmic choir and orchestra.
As a result, not just the music of Bohuslav Martinu, but also that of his most important contemporaries such as Albert Roussel, Arthur Honegger, Francis Poulenc, Darius Milhaud and others virtually vanished from concert podiums and have returned only since the end of the 20th century.
In the mid-1930s, Jean Renoir photographed probably the best footplate sequence at the opening of his film La Bete Humaine, but in 1923 the French composer Arthur Honegger composed the Pacific 231, another rail giant, which Vasily Petrenko conducts at the Liverpool Phil next week.
During his thirty-one years in that position his pupils included Nadia Boulanger, Darius Milhaud, Arthur Honegger, Edgard Varese, and Olivier Messiaen.
That same spring (1946) I applied for three fellowships: French, Russian an American (to study with Arthur Honegger or Sergei Prokofiev or Bohuslav Martinu).
555974)Though a member of the group of composers known as 'Les Six', Arthur Honegger was someone of generally far more thoughtful cast than the whimsy and iconoclasm for which his colleagues were notorious.
Despite the Hollywood-centric perspective of this section, the reader inevitably has to wonder about those names that are so frequently repeated in the quoted passages, but that otherwise hold no place in Wierzbicki's narrative: such as Georges Auric, Arthur Honegger, Sergei Prokofiev, and Dmitri Shostakovich.
A Belgian musicologist, first a disciple of Arthur Honegger (1952-1953), then of Olivier Messaien at the Paris Conservatory (1955-58).