Arthur James Balfour


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Balfour, Arthur James

 

Born July 25, 1848, in Whit-tingehame; died Mar. 19, 1930, in Fisher’s Hill, county of Surrey. English statesman; from 1922, Lord Balfour. One of the leaders of the Conservative Party.

From 1887 to 1891 he served as the minister of affairs for Ireland, implementing a policy of harsh repression against the Irish national liberation movement. He was minister of finance during 1891–92 and 1895–1902. From 1902 to 1905 Balfour was prime minister; his government supported Japan in the Russo-Japanese war of 1904–05, and concluded an agreement with France (1904) which became the basis of the Entente. He was naval minister in 1915–16 and minister of foreign affairs from 1916 to 1919. He was the author of the so-called Balfour Declaration (November 1917) on the creation of a Jewish “national home” in Palestine; the document reflected the striving of British imperialism to maintain its domination in the Near East. From March 1918 Balfour was an active participant in the implementation of anti-Soviet intervention. He was a member of the government during 1919–22 and 1925–29. He led the English delegation to the Washington Conference of 1921–22.

REFERENCES

Young, K. A. J. Balfour.... London [1963].
Judd, D. Balfour and the British Empire. London-New York, 1968. (Contains bibliography.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Balfour Declaration, dated November 02, 1917, was a letter from the United Kingdom's Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild, an extremist leader of the British Jewish community, licensing the establishment in Palestine of a self-proclaimed Jewish state.
ONE of the few things which made him uneasy, Arthur James Balfour once confided, was being explained.
On the hillside, chosen forty-two years before by Magnes and Weizmann for the Inauguration, one could almost hear again Arthur James Balfour proclaim to the assemblage before him and all the world, "l declare the Hebrew University opened."
When British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour made his promise to the Zionist movement in November 1917 to support the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine, the once distant and implausible idea began to take shape.
It was the then British foreign secretary Arthur James Balfour who finally made the evil deal through his 67-word letter to Lord Rothschild about British commitment to a Jewish national home as if the British government "owned" Palestine back in 1917, and to do what it would like with the country.
Signed by Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, the 1917 declaration is considered a prelude to the Israeli occupation of Palestinians' homeland in 1948.
The document that was launched Sunday in Britain announced that Belfour Declaration, which isa November 2, 1917 letter from British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Lord Rothschild that made public the British support of a Jewish homeland in Palestine,is a mistake and that it has betrayed the Palestinian people.
The Declaration is a letter sent by the UK's then Foreign Secretary, Arthur James Balfour, to Baron Rothschild; a leader of the British Jewish community on November 2, 1917.
2, 1917) was a statement issued by the British foreign secretary, Arthur James Balfour, in a letter to Lionel Walter Rothschild, a leader of British Jewry, as urged by the Russian Jewish Zionist leaders Chaim Weizmann and Nahum Sokolow.
Ninety-three years ago, Lord Arthur James Balfour, British Foreign Secretary, signed a document which has bedeviled the peoples of the Middle East ever since.
CONSERVATIVE Prime Minister Arthur James Balfour was in office.
Arthur James Balfour is one of Britain's least well-known prime ministers.