Arthur Kornberg

Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kornberg, Arthur


Born Mar. 3, 1918, in Brooklyn, N.Y. American biochemist.

Kornberg graduated from the City College of New York in 1937 and received his doctor of medicine degree from the University of Rochester in 1941. He worked at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda (1942-53) and Washington University Medical School (1953-59). He is presently head of the department of biochemistry at Stanford University Medical School (since 1959). Kornberg discovered and isolated the enzyme DNA polymerase, which carries out duplication of the DNA molecules during cell division. Using natural DNA as a “seeding” (matrix), he was the first to synthesize active DNA in a test tube. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1959, with S. Ochoa, for the discovery of the biosynthesis mechanism in nucleic acids.


Biosynthesis of DNA. University Park, Pa., 1964.
Enzymatic Synthesis of DNA. New York-London, 1961.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Emperor of Enzymes: A Biography of Arthur Kornberg, Biochemist and Nobel Laureate
The famous Nobel Laureate Arthur Kornberg had once stated and I quote: "Much has been said about the future impact of biotechnology on industrial development, but this does not yet apply to the less developed countries that lack this infrastructure and industrial strength.
Prof Brown has set up a biotech company building on the work of the late Nobel Laureate Dr Arthur Kornberg, with whom he worked at Stanford University in the US looking for compounds which upset the enzyme structure of disease-causing cells.
Written by Nobel prize winner Arthur Kornberg, "To all, young and old, who adore 'the little beasties.'" As a father of three sons, Kornberg told his boys bedtime stories about germs.
The National Library of Medicine, a constituent institute of the National Institutes of Health, in collaboration with the Stanford University Archives, announces the release of an extensive selection from the papers of biochemist Arthur Kornberg (1918 - 2007), who received the 1959 Nobel Prize for his synthesis of DNA, on the Library's Profiles in Science Web site.
For his father, Arthur Kornberg, the prize in 1959 should have been in chemistry.
Goldstein, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 1985-Physiology or Medicine; Paul Greengard, The Rockefeller University, 2000-Physiology or Medicine; Lee Hartwell, University of Washington School of Medicine, 2001-Physiology or Medicine; Dudley Herschbach, Harvard University, 1986-Chemistry; Tim Hunt, Cancer Research UK, 2001-Physiology or Medicine; Jerome Karle, Naval Research Laboratory, 1985-Chemistry; Arthur Kornberg, Stanford University School of Medicine, 1959-Physiology or Medicine; Edwin G.
Throughout the 1950s and '60s, advances in describing DNA structure and the genetic code catalyzed numerous basic scientific insights, such as Arthur Kornberg's discovery in 1957 of DNA polymerase, the enzyme system that synthesizes DNA during cell replication.
Soon afterward the American biochemist Arthur Kornberg (b.
Think about Walter Mondale in the 1968 hearings with Arthur Kornberg. Kornberg telling him: You're wasting my time.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to Severo Ochoa of NYU College of Medicine and Arthur Kornberg of Stanford University Medical School for their joint work on the chemistry of heredity.