Arthur Leslie Morton

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Morton, Arthur Leslie


Born July 4, 1903, in Hengrave, Suffolk. English historian, literary critic, and publicist.

Morton was educated at Cambridge University. He has been a member of the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) since 1929 and is a leader of the group of Marxist historians within the party. His History of England (1937; Russian translation, 1950) was the first systematic history of the nation written in Great Britain from a Marxist standpoint; it is noted for the attention it directs toward a wide range of social problems.

Morton has written on the major problems in British history. His most significant works include The English Utopia (1952; Russian translation, 1956), which sets forth the history of Utopian ideas in England from the Middle Ages to the early 20th century; Socialism in Britain (1963), which analyzes the genesis and development of socialist ideas on English soil; and The British Labour Movement, 1770–1920 (1956; Russian translation, 1959). Morton is the author of numerous articles and essays on the history of English political thought and literature; some of these are collected in The Matter of Britain (1966; Russian translation, 1970).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.