Arthur Oncken Lovejoy

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Lovejoy, Arthur Oncken

 

Born Oct. 10, 1873, in Berlin; died Dec. 30, 1962, in Baltimore. American idealist philosopher. Exponent of critical realism. Professor at Washington University in St. Louis (1901–08), the University of Missouri (1908–10), and at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore (1910–38). President of the American Philosophical Association (1916–17). Founder and editor of the Journal of the History of Ideas (1940).

Lovejoy criticized subjective idealism, the New Realism, the pragmatism of J. Dewey, and behaviorism. In his view, philosophy is inconceivable without postulating the independent existence of the external world. Lovejoy represented the cognitive process in the form of an “epistemological triangle,” including the perceiving subject (percipient), the object taken on faith (the physical world), and “sense data” which mediate the cognitive process and are identified by Lovejoy with perception. Sense data conventionally present the properties of external reality, and knowledge of these properties makes it possible for the subject to orient himself in the world. Thus, Lovejoy develops a peculiar variation of the idealist theory of symbols. Lovejoy upheld the theory of emergent evolution.

WORKS

The Revolt Against Dualism. London, 1930.
The Great Chain of Being. Cambridge, Mass., 1936.
Essays in the History of Ideas. Baltimore, 1948.
The Thirteen Pragmatisms and Other Essays. Baltimore, 1963.

REFERENCES

Bogomolov, A. Anglo-amerikanskaia burzhuaznaia filosofila epokhi imperializma. Moscow, 1964. Chap. 8, sec. 1.
Lukanov, D. M. Gnoseologiia amerikanskogo “realizma.” Moscow, 1968. Chap. 3, sec. 1–2.

D. M. LUKANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Arthur Lovejoy would probably have been proud of Neil Gross, even though Lovejoy's work gets scant mention.
Chapter Nine ("Thomas Aquinas on God's Freedom to Create or Not") offers a response to the criticisms of Thomas by Arthur Lovejoy and Norman Kretzmann.
More than any other scholars Arthur Lovejoy and Jaako Hintikka have discussed whether Aristotle accepted a doctrine of the plenitude of being.
Arthur Lovejoy once traced dozens of definitions of "nature" as a literary notion; there is probably a similar number one could assign to the meanings of nature in theoretical and applied ethics.
Fishburn relies almost exclusively on the classic work of Arthur Lovejoy (1961) to interpret the ancient Greeks.
He shows that there are affinities between Schiller's work and that of Plotinus and of Renaissance thinkers, such as Baldassere Castiglione, Marsilio Ficino, and Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, and he supports his findings by citing the work of eminent scholars, such as Ernst Cassirer, Paul Otto Kristeller, Arthur Lovejoy, and Erwin Panofsky.
Augustine, Peter Abelard, William of Ockham, and contemporary thinkers such as Arthur Lovejoy and Norman Kretzmann.