MacArthur, Arthur

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MacArthur, Arthur,

1845–1912, American army officer, b. Springfield, Mass.; father of Douglas MacArthurMacArthur, Douglas,
1880–1964, American general, b. Little Rock, Ark.; son of Arthur MacArthur. Early Career

MacArthur was reared on army posts and attended military school in Texas.
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. Raised in Wisconsin, he served with the 24th Wisconsin Volunteers in the Civil War and fought in many Western campaigns and in the Chattanooga campaign of 1863. He received the Medal of Honor for gallantry. Joining the regular army after the war, he fought in both Cuba and the Philippines in the Spanish-American War and was (1900–1901) military governor of the Philippines. He had risen (1906) to the rank of lieutenant general when he retired in 1909.
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MacArthur, Arthur

(1845–1912) soldier; born in Springfield, Mass. (father of Douglas MacArthur). After seeing extensive combat with a Wisconsin infantry regiment during the Civil War, he served for many years on garrison duty in the West. He led combat forces in the Philippines during the Spanish-American War (1898) and then served as military governor during the insurrection in the Philippines (1900–01). He spent his final eight years in the army commanding departments in the U.S.A.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
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It begins with an account of Douglas Mac Arthur's father, Arthur MacArthur, who rose through battlefield promotions to command a regiment during the Civil War while still a teenager, married a Southern belle and raised his children mostly in the Indian frontier's outposts, and culminated his career by defeating the Philippine insurgency in 1900.
MacArthur's appreciation of Asia and the Pacific Rim began with his father, Arthur MacArthur, a Civil War hero at the age of 19 (winning the Congressional Medal of Honor for his heroics on Missionary Ridge during the Battle of Chattanooga), and later one of the leading generals in the U.S.
losses were approximately 4,100 (75 percent from disease) and 3,000 wounded, but the overall fighting lasted until 1913 and engaged some of the most prominent military figures of the era, including Arthur MacArthur, Douglas MacArthur's father, and John Pershing, U.S.
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From his father, Arthur MacArthur, a Civil War hero who rose to three-star rank, he also inherited a paranoia that made him suspicious of superiors--military and civilian--who he believed envied his abilities and tried to thwart his advancement.
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General Arthur MacArthur, the father of World War II General Douglas MacArthur, opened a company "canteen" while commanding Fort Selden, New Mexico, during the 1880s since his post was considered too small for a post trader.
The son of Army General Arthur MacArthur, he spent more than 70 years serving in a variety of leadership positions, including Superintendent of West Point, Chief of Staff of the Army, Field Marshall of the Philippines, Supreme Allied Commander of the Pacific during World War II, Military Governor of Japan during its occupation, and as a presidential hopeful as well as public administrator and businessman.