Arthur Schnitzler


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Schnitzler, Arthur

 

Born May 15, 1862, in Vienna; died there Oct. 21,1931. Austrian writer.

Schnitzler graduated from the medical faculty at the University of Vienna in 1885. His best works written in the late 19th and early 20th centuries continue the traditions of critical realism; they expose the hollowness and cruelty of the worldly life and defend the primacy of true feeling. In the drama Free Game (1896; Russian translation under the title A Slap in the Face, 1897) and the short story “Lieutenant Gustl” (1901), he portrayed the amorality and the casteconscious arrogance of officers in the Austrian Army. The effect of Schnitzler’s critical statements was weakened, however, by his use of decadent motifs: his play The Green Cockatoo (1899) was concerned with the illusoriness of life, and his series of one-act plays Paracelsus (1899) dealt with the cult of eternal beauty.

Schnitzler’s prose, which includes the novella Casanova’s Homecoming (1918) and the short-story collections The Sage’s Wife (1898) and Masks and Miracles (1912), is distinguished by psychological insight and an intense concern with sex. Schnitzler was influenced by S. Freud; Freudian tendencies are especially apparent in such late works as the novella Theresa (1928).

WORKS

Dramen. Berlin-Weimar, 1968.
Erzählungen, 2nd ed. Berlin-Weimar, 1969.
In Russian translation:
Poln. sobr. soch., vol. 1–9. Moscow, 1903–11.
Zhena mudretsa. Moscow, 1967.

REFERENCES

Evlakhov, A. M. A. Shnitsler. Baku, 1926.
Allen, R. H. An Annotated A. Schnitzler Bibliography, 1879–1965. Chapel Hill, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
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Arthur Schnitzler and Eugen Roth, the political and legal action of about Karl Renner and Prelate Hauser or Hans Kelsen and Adolf Merkl connects the author with his insights into parliamentary events as a former third National Council President in a vivid manner.
Among the Klimt/Schiele souvenirs, there is a copy of Arthur Schnitzler's Dream Story, the Viennese novel that inspired Kubrick's Eyes Wide Shut.
The terms "Vienna" and "1900" are closely followed by "crisis" and "identity." And nobody has represented the crisis of identity in fin-de-siecle Vienna more often and more strongly than Arthur Schnitzler. The great strength of Marie Kolkenbrock's new study of Schnitzler's prose narratives is that she is well aware of the long history of these associations.
Stereotype and Destiny in Arthur Schnitzler's Prose: Five Psycho-Sociological Readings
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He dismisses Schaefers rendition of Arthur Schnitzler's "Dream Story," while praising Davies'.
AUSTRIAN dramatist Arthur Schnitzler wrote La Ronde at the turn of the last century to amuse and scandalise his friends.