Arthur Smith Woodward

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Woodward, Arthur Smith


Born May 23, 1864, in Macklesfield; died Sept. 2, 1944, in Haywards Heath. English paleontologist, member of the London Royal Society (1901). Assistant, later curator, of the department of geology of the British Museum (1882-1924).

Woodward’s basic research dealt with fossil fish, mainly of the Mesozoic era. In 1913 he described the remains of the fossil Piltdown man.


The Fossil Fishes of the English Chalk. London, 1902-12.
The Wealden and Purbek Fishes. London, 1915-17.
Catalogue of the Fossil Fishes in the British Museum, vols. 1-4. London, 1889-1901.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The Piltdown Man scandal is said to be the greatest scientific fraud in the UK, with fake fossils from Piltdown being claimed as evidence of humans' earliest ancestor between 1912 and 1914 by museum palaeontologist Arthur Smith Woodward and amateur antiquarian Charles Dawson.
At the same meeting, Arthur Smith Woodward, curator of the geological department at the British Museum, announced that a reconstruction of the fragments had been prepared, and that a resulting "human-like" skull, thought to be some 600,000 years old, was all but indistinguishable from that of a modern chimpanzee.
Even Arthur Smith Woodward, Dawson's champion at the British Muse um, allowed he had "a restless mind." A neighbor and fellow archeologist named Margaret Boycott said that "Charles was an otherwise obscure little man who wore spectacles and a bowler hat." Did Dawson lead a Walter Mitty life, which found significance in "discoveries" that he quite possibly meant as a sort of boyish prank, at least up to the moment Nature declared the Piltdown fossils "the most important find of its kind ever made"?
Dawson and a colleague, Arthur Smith Woodward, argued that the humanoid jawbone, one of the teeth and the cranial fragment all came from the same individual.
The dinosaur specimens were en route to Sir Arthur Smith Woodward, keeper of the British Museum's natural history department.