Arthur Stanley Eddington
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Eddington, Arthur Stanley
Born Dec. 28, 1882, in Kendal, Westmorland; died Nov. 22,1944, in Cambridge. British astronomer. Fellow of the Royal Society of London (1914).
From 1906 to 1913, Eddington was on the staff of the Royal Observatory at Greenwich. He was appointed a professor at Cambridge University in 1913 and became the director of the astronomical observatory at Cambridge in 1914. From 1921 to 1923 he was the president of the Royal Astronomical Society in London.
Eddington’s works dealt mainly with stellar motions, the internal structure of stars, the theory of relativity, and relativistic cosmology. Eddington was the first to apply the theory of radiative equilibrium to stellar interiors; he developed the theory of a gaseous star in radiative equilibrium. He discovered the relationship between the luminosity and the mass of a star and was the first to calculate models of stars in radiative equilibrium.
Eddington was a member of several foreign academies and scientific societies.
WORKSStellar Movements and the Structure of the Universe. London, 1914.
The Internal Constitution of the Stars. Cambridge, 1926.
In Russian translation:
Zvezdy i atomy. Moscow-Leningrad, 1928.
Prostranstvo, vremia i tiagotenie. Odessa, 1923.
Sovremennoe razvitie kosmicheskoi fiziki. Moscow-Leningrad, 1928.