25) Under the Articles of Confederation
, which preceded the Constitution, Congress was to collect the funds to pay for the common defense primarily by requisitions upon the states.
alterations' for the Articles of Confederation
According to the Article VII process, it was they that made the change from the Articles of Confederation
to the Constitution.
Indeed, the text of the Articles of Confederation
suggested a broad treaty power--one that extended beyond the obviously limited reach of the Continental Congress's legislative power and touched matters ordinarily within the purview of the states.
However, I would note that Smith's views, as discussed by Roth, might be better seen in the slightly earlier generation of Founding Fathers and the Articles of Confederation
With the Articles of Confederation
the judiciary is absent, the executive is disemboweled, and the legislature is constrained by both the States and the more stringent voting rules of the Articles In comparison, the Constitution was a compromise with big, centralized government, and an extralegal one at that.
167) Congress established a committee to draft the Articles of Confederation
on the same day that it appointed committees to draft the Declaration and the Model Treaty.
Many prudent people -- remembering that the 1787 Constitutional Convention's original purpose was merely to ''remedy defects'' of the Articles of Confederation
-- recoil from the possibility of a runaway convention and the certainty that James Madison would not be there to make it turn out well.
They can run from relatively inconsiderable, like Washington's first executive order requesting that officials left over from the government under the Articles of Confederation
to give him a report of their activities, to substantial, like the executive orders issued by Bush after 911, which impacted civil liberties.
Dickinson authored the essays "Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania", served as a delegate to the Continental Congress, helped shape the Articles of Confederation
and the Constitution, and much more.
They'd come together from 12 of the nation's 13 states * to write a federal Constitution--something to replace the Articles of Confederation
, which had proven too weak.
ONLY two men were signatories to all three founding documents of the United States of America: the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation
and the Constitution.
RN: When I discuss Article V conventions, someone always says, "Yes, but isn't it true that the 1787 Constitutional Convention 'ran away'--that it was commissioned only to propose amendments to the Articles of Confederation
but wrote a new document instead?