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charter, document granting certain rights, powers, or functions. It may be issued by the sovereign body of a state to a local governing body, university, or other corporation or by the constituted authority of a society or order to a local unit. The term was widely applied to various royal grants of rights in the Middle Ages and in early modern times. The most famous political charter is the Magna Carta of England. Chartered companies held broad powers of trade and government by royal charter. In colonial America, chartered colonies were in theory, and to an extent in fact, less subject to royal interference than were royal colonies.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(ustav), a body of rules regulating the structure, procedures, and activities of a state agency, enterprise, or institution or of a particular field of activity. Charters in the USSR include the Rules of Railroads of the USSR and the Statute on Secondary General-education Schools. Charters also regulate the armed forces of the USSR (see). Most charters are approved by the highest bodies of state authority in the USSR; the charters of some institutions and organizations are approved by the appropriate ministries and departments. Voluntary sports societies, the various artists’ unions, dacha-building and housing-construction cooperatives, and other organizations are also governed by charters.

Most international organizations have charters that outline their goals, organizational structure, and activities, for example, the Charter of the United Nations.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. a formal document from the sovereign or state incorporating a city, bank, college, etc., and specifying its purposes and rights
2. a formal document granting or demanding from the sovereign power of a state certain rights or liberties
3. the fundamental principles of an organization; constitution
a. the hire or lease of transportation
b. the agreement or contract regulating this
c. (as modifier): a charter flight
5. a law, policy, or decision containing a loophole which allows a specified group to engage more easily in an activity considered undesirable
6. Maritime law another word for charterparty
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Note: It shall be deemed that Article 6 (Total Number of Shares That Can Be Issued) of the Articles of Incorporation above is amended on July 1, 2016, the effective date for the consolidation of shares, in accordance with Article 182, paragraph 2 of the Companies Act.
The report said that of the 124 groups with either an inadequate purpose clause or none at all in their articles of incorporation, 61 had websites on which researchers could obtain additional information.
Despite the town's argument that this was "not sufficiently indicative of a charitable purpose" the court found that the articles of incorporation provided sufficient proof that ElderTrust was created to perform a service of public good.
H) Decide the terms of appointment for Directors (2 years, can be extended by special mention in the Articles of Incorporation), Representative Director, and Statutory Auditors (4 years, can be extended through Articles of Incorporation).
Restated Articles of Incorporation of California Society of Certified Public Accountants
The rules contained in the current edition of Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised shall govern the Associations meetings in all cases in which they are applicable, and in which they are not inconsistent with the Articles of Incorporation, the Bylaws of the Association and any special rules of order the Association may adopt.
There are several versions of the genesis of NEPA (like the Big Bang Theory) but it's undisputed that the original articles of incorporation for the association were signed on January 26, 1977, by Spencer, Len Eiserer of Business Publishers Inc.
* "Organic" documents (articles of incorporation, bylaws, partnership agreements, articles of organization and operating agreements, for example).
One pro-life leader proposed a nine-person panel be appointed for the purpose of adopting the articles of incorporation and proposed by-laws for a National Right to Life Committee.
The purpose of the foundation, as stated in the Articles of Incorporation, includes "the advancement of pulp and paper industry management professionalism." The initial emphasis on programming will be in three areas: student educational/experiential initiatives, management training and leadership initiatives, and scholarships.
Indiana law, for example, requires that a company's board begin the demutualization process by adopting a conversion plan and a resolution to amend the company's articles of incorporation, while other states, such as Massachusetts, do not include such a requirement.
As with past annual membership meetings, the Society's members are invited to attend the Society Leadership Meeting in January at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel, Arlington, Virginia, where in addition to the inaugural address, other necessary business may be addressed per the Society Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws.

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