Articles of War


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Articles of War

 

(1) The first military criminal code in Russia (published Apr. 25, 1715), which became the second part of the Regulations of War of 1716. The need for an elaboration of military articles was bound up with the formation of a regular standing army in Russia. The articles contained an enumeration of military crimes and established means of punishment for these crimes. For such crimes as, for example, treason, refusal of military service, and disobeying an order, cruel punishments were prescribed, such as being beaten with a whip or with rods or suffering exile at hard labor or the death penalty. The Articles of War included the text of the military oath, which emphasized consciousness of the importance of fulfilling one’s military duty, of maintaining one’s loyalty to the banner, and of the observance of firm military discipline. In 1715 a collection of military procedural law titled Short Statement of Procedure or Litigations (third part of the Regulations of War of 1716) was also published.

(2) The Russian term artikul in the 18th and 19th centuries referred to a paragraph in a set of rules or resolutions and also the manual of a rifle.

References in periodicals archive ?
Articles of War,' or the jurisdiction conferred by statute on
foregoing Articles of War are to be taken cognizance of by a
The next section of that chapter specified: the said troops shall be governed by the rules and articles of war, which have been established by the United States in Congress assembled, or by such rules and articles of war as may hereafter by law be established.
(7) "Articles of War for the Government of the Armies of the Confederate States," Evans and Cogswell, Charleston, 1861.
code was the Articles of War, which was adopted in 1775 and had
Prior to the enactment of the UCMJ, the Articles of War also permitted prosecution of enlisted members for such an offense.
OF ARMED SERVICES, AMENDING THE ARTICLES OF WAR TO IMPROVE THE ADMINISTRATION OF MILITARY JUSTICE, H.R.
Congress codified the Articles of War by enacting the UCMJ in 1950 (12) but it made no changes in the Articles dealing with military commissions or the procedures governing them.
Following a brief discussion of ten areas of interest in the investigation of early modern civilian justice, Eder proceeds to give more detailed examinations of the relationships between the civilian and naval justice systems, the evolution of the statutory basis for naval courts-martial from 1652 to the Articles of War of 1749, the workings of naval tribunals, their patterns of crime and punishment, and their unexpected leniency in capital or potentially capital cases.
Last week, the lower-ranking soldiers entered into a plea bargain with military prosecutors, pleading guilty to three violations of the Articles of War in exchange for dropping the mutiny charges against them.
I create luminous images in my mind of whole armies of soldiers throwing their weapons and helmets and articles of war into huge pits.
One of the principal methods of legislative control over military trials, including tribunals, are the Articles of War that Congress enacts into law.