process

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Related to Articular process: articular process of vertebra

process,

in law: see procedureprocedure,
in law, the rules that govern the obtaining of legal redress. This article deals only with civil procedure in Anglo-American law (for criminal procedure, see criminal law).
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process

[′prä‚ses]
(anatomy)
A projection from the central mass of an organism.
(computer science)
To assemble, compile, generate, interpret, compute, and otherwise act on information in a computer.
A program that is running on a computer.
(engineering)
A system or series of continuous or regularly occurring actions taking place in a predetermined or planned manner to produce a desired result.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

process

1. Law
a. a summons, writ, etc., commanding a person to appear in court
b. the whole proceedings in an action at law
2. Biology a natural outgrowth or projection of a part, organ, or organism
3. Computing a distinct subtask of a computer system which can be regarded as proceeding in parallel with other subtasks of the system
4. Film, TV denoting a film, film scene, shot, etc., made by techniques that produce unusual optical effects
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

process

1. <operating system, software> The sequence of states of an executing program. A process consists of the program code (which may be shared with other processes which are executing the same program), private data, and the state of the processor, particularly the values in its registers. It may have other associated resources such as a process identifier, open files, CPU time limits, shared memory, child processes, and signal handlers.

One process may, on some platforms, consist of many threads. A multitasking operating system can run multiple processes concurrently or in parallel, and allows a process to spawn "child" processes.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

process

(1) To manipulate data in the computer. The computer is said to be processing no matter what action it is taking upon the data; whether the data are actually being updated in a database or just being displayed on screen.

In order to evaluate a computer system's performance, the time it takes to process data internally is often analyzed separately from the time it takes to get it in and out of the computer. The I/O (input/output) is usually more time consuming than the processing. For an explanation of how the computer processes data, see "Processing" under the term computer. See also process technology.

(2) Software running in the computer. When a computer is booted, numerous processes are started. Some are parts of the operating system, while others are applications that have been designated to run at startup. In a Windows computer, pressing Ctrl-Alt-Del launches the Task Manager, which displays all running processes. In the Mac, the Activity Monitor in the Applications/Utilities folder shows the processes. See Windows processes.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Superior articular process anteroposterior width: The distance between anterior and posterior margins of the process (Bazaldua Cruz et al.).
In the Wistar rat, the articular processes of the coccygeal bones made no articulations caudal to [Ca.sub.3] where the hemal arch was formed.
Due to the contour of the thoracic laminae and general orientation of the articular processes the zygapophysial joints appear to lie flat, close to the spinous processes with the prominent costotransverse joints lying more laterally (Figure 1).
Second, we did not measure the sagittal cut to calculate the surface area of the superior articular process. Third, degenerative LSS can involve the central canal, the foramina, the extraforaminal zone, or a combination of these locations.
But for this case, because of inducing radiating pain when we rotated in guide bar, we resected the articular process facets at L4-5 for decompression for this patient.
Before the laminae was removed completely, small holes were made in each lamina and in the articular process bilaterally.
We agree with opinion of Simonovich (2005), that laminectomy with removal of the osseous and articular processes for formation of posterior interbody spondylodesis is not always justified.
The posterior elements were exposed, revealing an anterior, rotational dislocation of the superior articular processes with regard to the inferior processes, as well as a lesion of the interspinous and supraspinous ligaments.
Verbiest (1977) illustrated that the developmental stenosis is due to the properties of the neural arch, pedicles, laminae and articular processes in which the interpedicular distances are normal whereas lateral sagittal diameters are shortened due to thickened laminae and articular processes.
Patients were placed in the prone position and standard posterior exposure was carried out and subtotal bilateral resection of articular processes as well as laminectomy at L5 level were performed to decompress the nerve roots and facilitate the placement of cages.
CASE I A: The body and articular processes were completely fused but the laminae showed partial fusion on left side.