Artificial Feeding


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Artificial Feeding

 

the introduction into the human body of nutrient substances by means of tubes, through fistulas, or parenterally (intravenously, subcutaneously). Artificial feeding is resorted to when natural feeding is impossible (unconsciousness, severe difficulty in swallowing with paralysis of the deglutitory muscles, stricture of the esophagus, mental illness with refusal of food) and also to provide water-electrolyte homeostasis.

Artificial feeding through a thin gastric tube, inserted through the nose and nasopharynx into the stomach, is effected with liquid food that contains no coarse particles (such as milk, cream, raw eggs, strong bouillon, and fruit juices). When there is artificial feeding through fistulas—surgically created openings in the stomach wall (or the small intestine)—meat, fish, and bread, for example, are introduced. (Usually when there is obstruction of the esophagus a fistula of the stomach is used, and with obstruction of the pylorus, a fistula of the small intestine.) In parenteral feeding, water-salt solutions and solutions of glucose, vitamins, and some other preparations are introduced sub-cutaneously or intravenously; mixtures of pure amino acids, glucose, and the like are given intravenously. Transfusion of blood, packed erythrocytes, plasma, or blood serum is also of nutritive value. The previously used method of introducing nutritive matter in enemas is no longer considered rational. Artificial feeding is often used as a supplementary method of feeding when there is dehydration of the body as a result of persistent vomiting and diarrhea, with hemorrhages, intoxications, and so on.

References in periodicals archive ?
Since bees needed energy from nectar or artificial feedings to produce beeswax (Brown, 2010), high wax production was due to a higher concentration of sugars and, consequently, to greater energy rates.
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The research suggests that a soya oil-based substance - intralipid - which is used for artificial feeding of patients with stomach problems can boost the likelihood of getting pregnant through IVF.
In addition, there are all kinds of facilities for artificial feeding of the wild bears to prevent them from entering in contact with the local people.
Concerning the ticks, artificial feeding methods afford the potential (i) to assess the arthropod's efficiency as a disease vector, (ii) to expose it to predefined pathogen concentrations, and (iii) to reduce the number of host animals required in laboratory experiments on pathogen transmission (HOKAMA et al.
The disclosure came as the college issued guidelines urging doctors and nurses to view artificial feeding as a "last resort".
Many people don't realize that artificial feeding is actually harmful to waterfowl.
Al-Dakhil seconded the view by saying the Arab media has grown complacent and that "many are like bedridden patients dependent on artificial feeding.
In sub-Saharan Africa, reduction in HIV infection through breastfeeding requires either artificial feeding or exclusive breastfeeding with early weaning.
Gina Ciagane, Lasinoh's director of consumer relations, maintains that breast feeding serves as a more economical option for women than artificial feeding.
The roundtable discussion concerning the draft law on breastfeeding protection and regulation of marketing of artificial feeding products was held in Talas city administration on August 6.
After 10 days, bacteria were harvested, suspended in sterile phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), and used immediately for artificial feeding of ticks.