artificial insemination

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artificial insemination

artificial insemination, technique involving the artificial injection of sperm-containing semen from a male into a female to cause pregnancy. Artificial insemination is often used in animals to multiply the possible offspring of a prized animal and for the breeding of endangered species. Prepared semen can be preserved for long periods by refrigeration, and it is frequently shipped over great distances.

The method has also been used in humans, when traditional fertilization cannot be achieved (see infertility). It has become a significant issue in recent years, particularly in debates revolving around surrogate motherhood, in which a woman agrees to bear a child for another couple through the use of artificially inseminated sperm from the husband (see surrogate mother). Legal issues have arisen in cases where the surrogate mother decides, upon the birth of the baby, that she wants to keep the child for herself. Likewise, there have been debates over the rights of sperm donors. Other debates on the subject have centered around the ethics of artificial insemination among humans, with critics decrying the practice as a perversion of science or pointing to the possible abuse of the process for purposes of eugenics. See also parent and child.

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artificial insemination

[¦ärd·ə¦fish·əl in‚sem·ə′nā·shən]
(medicine)
A process by which spermatozoa are collected from males and deposited in female genitalia by instruments rather than by natural service.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

artificial insemination

introduction of spermatozoa into the vagina or uterus by means other than sexual union
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Born in South Wales, Evelyn spent the first 25 years of her career working for the Milk Marketing Board based around Carmarthen, with jobs as varied as recording the minutes of advisory committee meetings, to becoming the first female artificial inseminator in the UK.
Tonight, she chats to three men - a club compere, an artificial inseminator of cows and a woodpole linesman who strings power cables between poles.
* Specialists themselves, Andy and Tony also get services from contractors, most of whom are on the farm frequently: a veterinarian, nutritionist, artificial inseminators, a hoof trimmer, a genome tester, a manure management planner, and others.

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