Those problems are especially topical for the north-eastern part of Estonia (NE Estonia) where local oil shale industry--oil shale mining, its combustion in power plants and thermal processing in chemical plants--has essentially changed the landscape, and as a result new artificial landscape
forms have come into being.
The new rural settlers of America have the responsibility to create an artificial landscape
as rich, satisfying, and deeply natural as the ones left to us by Roman, English, and French gentlemen when they created the classic landscapes of Tuscany, the Cotswolds, and the Loire.
Indeed, for a given area in habitat, natural landscapes consistently produced higher values of patch cohesion than their computer-generated analogues, and this generalization is likely to hold for any artificial landscape
fabricated using simple rules or probabilities.
This may well leave ornamental horticulture seriously challenged by the convenient and adaptable artificial landscape
In these nightmares, which seem tofill the void formerly occupied by God or some other transcendental vision, Ana's fears and desires are reincarnated in two sister/victims: a glamorous film star of the 1930s, referred to as the Mistress and the "most beautiful woman in the world," and W218, a woman living in the artificial landscape
of futuristic science fiction.
The competition project is preserved in a small cardboard model set into a cardboard landscape with a cardboard version of the old city to one side, and it is true that at this scale and in a unified material, the image of a folded artificial landscape
sliced by crossing streets is fairly seductive.
'Grouse moorland is an artificial landscape
. Brimham Rocks is much more what this area would have looked like: plenty of heather and shrubs coming up:
Inside this indecipherable artificial landscape
, clusters of Celtic knot-like forms float in the upper half of the canvas; below the work's center is an acute ellipse, a reoccurring motif throughout the show.
Brenda Chamberlain's Fisherman's Return (1939) turns a typical coastal scene into a Picasso-esque study, with hints of the Pop Art Geraint Evans' employs half a century later, in Great Western where a lonely model railway enthusiast almost blends into the artificial landscape
he has created.
His proposal envisages a city of islands that combines a self-consciously artificial landscape
with a logic born of land reclamation and the depth of the lagoon.