First author Dr Ricardo Martins Gouveia said: "This study suggests that we will be able to produce corneas that are more similar in shape and form to the natural eye, and likely to be better for transplantation compared with other artificial substitutes
The specialty improves quality of life by restoring or replacing oral and associated facial structures with artificial substitutes
such as silicone prostheses, acrylic prostheses, metal frameworks, and a combination of all the materials, said Col.
While there is no doubt sugar and lard can make us fat, I'm not totally convinced over the health credentials of some of their artificial substitutes
can't match the real thing, and efforts to engineer articular cartilage have been stymied by the complex process of turning stem cells into the desired tissue.
Although consumers are more savvy about what constitutes a pure juice versus a juice drink, drinks with real juice content are seen as better than sugary artificial substitutes
In the 1960s and 70s, when there were few specialised Christmas tree farms, artificial substitutes