artificial sweetener

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sweetener, artificial

sweetener, artificial, substance used as a low-calorie sugar substitute. Saccharin, cyclamates, and aspartame have been the most commonly used artificial sweeteners. Saccharin, a coal-tar derivative three hundred times as sweet as sugar, was discovered in 1879. Cyclamates were approved for consumer use in 1951; they are 30 times sweet as sugar and, unlike saccharin. have no bitter aftertaste at high concentration. They were banned in 1969 because of suspected carcinogenic properties. Aspartame, an amino-acid compound that is about 160 times as sweet as sugar, was discovered in 1965 and is a widely used low-calorie sweetener. It cannot be used in cooking because it is destroyed on boiling in water. People who are sensitive to the amino acid phenylalanine should not use aspartame. Neotame, an aspartame analog, is 30 to 60 times sweeter than aspartame, more stable at high temperatures, and far less likely to pose a risk to people sensitive to phenylalanine. Sucralose, which is manufactured by adding chlorine to sugar, is not destroyed by heat and is widely used as a sweetener in packaged foods that have been baked or otherwise heated during their processing. About 600 times sweeter than sugar, it was first synthesized in 1976. Stevioside, which is 300 times as sweet as sucrose, is a terpene derivative and is available in several countries.
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artificial sweetener

[¦ärd·ə¦fish·əl ′swēt·nər]
(food engineering)
A sugar substitute, such as saccharin.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
But a study in 2012 found that sodas that used artificial sugar affected how the brain takes sweet flavors.
A trend of losing weight is also found in the region which reduces the usage of table sugar and boosts the artificial sugar market.
Most are sweetened with artificial sugar substitutes which may cause you to eat more and eventually lead to greater weight gain than eating foods sweetened with regular sugar would.
Mengal mentioned that artificial sugar, textile color and acid were being used in cold drinks.
While adding, Mr Mengal mentioned that artificial sugar, textile colour and acid were being used in cold drinks.
The solution may not be in artificial sugar substitutes such as aspartame, sucralose, and saccharin, which not only leave an after-taste but have limited application.
Moreover, PFA's teams confiscated 1600 kg substandard sweets, 410 kg substandard non-food grade colour and 670 kg artificial sugar.
She said around 900 kg substandard and unhygienic non-food grade colour, artificial sugar (sweetness-mathas) and other adulterated products were seized.
AN INVESTIGATION INTO EFFECTS OF ARTIFICIAL SUGAR IN MICE.
About 122 brands of Chalia (Sweet Supari) are easily available everywhere, which is prepared by artificial color and artificial sugar. It is proven that artificial color is a carcinogen (cancer).
He said that around 120 brands were easily available in Pakistan and these were prepared with artificial colours and artificial sugar, hence it was proven that such a mixture could easily cause diseases like cancer.
However, cHAP and other mice on the alcohol diet together with the artificial sugar maltodextrin had greater hepatosteatosis and overall degree of liver injury compared to mice that consumed a diet of alcohol and water together with maltodextrin.