artificial insemination

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artificial insemination,

technique involving the artificial injection of sperm-containing semen from a male into a female to cause pregnancy. Artificial insemination is often used in animals to multiply the possible offspring of a prized animal and for the breeding of endangered species. Prepared semen can be preserved for long periods by refrigeration, and it is frequently shipped over great distances.

The method has also been used in humans, when traditional fertilization cannot be achieved (see infertilityinfertility,
inability to conceive or carry a child to delivery. The term is usually limited to situations where the couple has had intercourse regularly for one year without using birth control.
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). It has become a significant issue in recent years, particularly in debates revolving around surrogate motherhood, in which a woman agrees to bear a child for another couple through the use of artificially inseminated sperm from the husband (see surrogate mothersurrogate mother,
a woman who agrees, usually by contract and for a fee, to bear a child for a couple who are childless because the wife is infertile or physically incapable of carrying a developing fetus.
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). Legal issues have arisen in cases where the surrogate mother decides, upon the birth of the baby, that she wants to keep the child for herself. Likewise, there have been debates over the rights of sperm donors. Other debates on the subject have centered around the ethics of artificial insemination among humans, with critics decrying the practice as a perversion of science or pointing to the possible abuse of the process for purposes of eugenicseugenics
, study of human genetics and of methods to improve the inherited characteristics, physical and mental, of the human race. Efforts to improve the human race through bettering housing facilities and other environmental conditions are known as euthenics.
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. See also parent and childparent and child,
legal relationship, created by biological (birth) relationship or by adoption, that confers certain rights and duties on parent and child; in some states the courts have given the nonbiological, nonadoptive partner of a parent standing as a parent in a legal
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.

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artificial insemination

[¦ärd·ə¦fish·əl in‚sem·ə′nā·shən]
(medicine)
A process by which spermatozoa are collected from males and deposited in female genitalia by instruments rather than by natural service.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

artificial insemination

introduction of spermatozoa into the vagina or uterus by means other than sexual union
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
After incubation, the mean hatchability percentage for artificially inseminated eggs was 88.30% and it was higher than eggs laid by the females after natural mating with mean hatchability percentage of 80.51% (Table II).
The panda was artificially inseminated for the third time in March.
singer who publicly announced being artificially inseminated and as a result
DURECT said SucroMate Equine regulates ovulation in mares through a single injection of deslorelin, increasing the likelihood of conception during breeding for both naturally bred and artificially inseminated horses.
The twin cubs were born on September 7, one hundred and thirty five days after their mother was artificially inseminated.
Unable to find her Mr Right, she decides to go ahead and be artificially inseminated by an anonymous sperm donor.
They were born after Li Li, 19 - 63 in human years - was put on a special diet and artificially inseminated at Chengdu Breeding and Research Institute in Sichuan, south-west China.
She also said she supports the lifting of a ban on lesbians being artificially inseminated.
The companies that have now artificially inseminated their way in just want one thing, and that's money.
Of course, it goes without saying that everyone wanted to steal the kittens and bring them home - as well as the foal that belonged to the artificially inseminated mare.
The final section discusses the work of post-Talmudic scholars, and addresses the contemporary debate over the issue of a married woman being artificially inseminated by a donor other than her husband.
(4) The Jockey Club Rules prohibiting racing clones and artificially inseminated horses is a house of cards that will fall to antitrust litigation and economic common sense, maybe sooner than later; and