Artillery Offensive

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Artillery Offensive

 

the total combat operations of the artillery in an offensive. The concept of artillery offensive arose in the Soviet Army during the Great Patriotic War and was fixed in the Military Regulations of the Infantry (parts 1 and 2, 1942). The objectives of an artillery offensive were to achieve the uninterrupted participation of artillery in battle, the close coordination of artillery with infantry and tanks, and the continual and simultaneous neutralization of the enemy at the maximum depth of his defenses. The artillery offensive was divided into three periods—preparation of the attack, support of the attack, and the support of infantry and tank operations in the depths of the enemy’s defenses. Preparation of the attack consisted of concentrated fire attacks on the entire tactical depth (8–10 km) of the enemy’s defenses; support of the attack consisted of one or two artillery barrages, the successive concentrating of fire on previously designated targets, or the application of both these kinds of fire together; support of infantry and tank operations consisted of artillery fire and maneuvering of the artillery until the accomplishment of the assigned combat missions. When the enemy’s defenses included especially solid defense installations which could not be destroyed during fire preparation for the attack, provision was made for a preliminary bombardment lasting several hours or even days. Today, instead of artillery offensives, provision is made for fire preparation for an offensive and for fire support.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In Jizan governorate, the army launched an artillery offensive against sites of Saudi soldiers' gatherings in al-Samnah and Qais, inflicting heavy casualties.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- The Yemeni army and Ansarullah popular forces, in a joint drone and artillery offensive, hit the positions held by militants hired by the Saudi-led coalition in Qaniyeh front in al Bayda Governorate of the country.
Military officials said the bombing in Datu Hofer was a diversionary tactic after a successful artillery offensive Tuesday in Sultan sa Barongis, Maguindanao where seven BIFF fighters, including a sub-commander, were killed.
Damascus, Feb 28 ( ANI ): The death toll in Syria's 11-month uprising has passed the 8,000 mark as the President Bashar al-Assad-led regime widens its artillery offensive against opposition groups, despite claiming to have secured overwhelming support through a nationwide referendum to change the country's constitution.
Obsessed with mass and quantity, the Soviets also elaborated the concept of "artillery offensive," implemented by "artillery breakthrough" divisions (by the end of the war they were massing 670 guns per kilometre).
COTABATO CITY -- Government security forces have taken full control of remote villages in North Cotabato that were occupied by breakaway Moro rebels following a ground and artillery offensive on Saturday, a military official said Sunday.
Dela Vega said the harassment prompted the military to launch air strikes and artillery offensives against the armed men, led by Esmail Abubakar alias Commander Bungos.
Arnel dela Vega, the 6th ID commander, said he had ordered the artillery offensives and air attacks by helicopter gunships after 70 BIFF fighters attacked a detachment of the 57th Infantry Battalion in Sitio Perez in Barangay Maitumaig on Thursday.
The strikes were backed by ground troops from the 7th Infantry Battalion and artillery offensives.
On February 21, government security forces launched ground and artillery offensives and drove away the BIFF from the villages.
21, government security forces launched ground and artillery offensives, driving away the BIFF rebels in Barangays (villages) Kabasalan, Buliok and Barongis in Pikit town.

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