Artiodactyla


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Artiodactyla

[‚ärd·ē·ō′dak·tə·lə]
(vertebrate zoology)
An order of terrestrial, herbivorous mammals characterized by having an even number of toes and by having the main limb axes pass between the third and fourth toes.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Artiodactyla

 

an order of mammals. Each foot has two or four digits; the third and fourth digits are most highly developed because they bear most of the body weight. The toes are enclosed in horny caps, or hooves. The molars are alveolar or tuberculate and are adapted for grinding tough vegetable food. The clavicle is absent. Unlike perissodactyls, the third trochanter of the femur is absent. Artiodactyls are vegetarians. The stomach is most often compound, with several compartments, and is adapted for digesting coarse fodder.

There are two suborders of artiodactyls: Nonruminantia and Ruminantia. The suborder Nonruminantia comprises the families Hippopotamidae and Suidae. The Ruminantia embrace six families: Camelidae, Tragulidae, Cervidae, Antilocapridae, Bovidae, and Giraffidae. The Camelidae are sometimes regarded as the separate suborder Tylopoda or as a separate order. Most agricultural animals, including swine, camels, cattle, sheep, and goats, are artiodactyls.

REFERENCES

Sokolov, I.I. Kopytnye zveri (Otriady Perissodactyla i Artiodactyla). Moscow-Leningrad, 1959, (Fauna SSSR: Mlekopitaiushchie, vol. 1, part 3.)
Mlekopitaiushchie Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 1. Edited by V. G. Geptner and N. P. Naumov. Moscow, 1961.

I. I. SOKOLOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Tetraconodon (Mammalia, Artiodactyla, Suidae) From the Late Miocene Dhok Pathan Formation of Pakistan.
Giraffokeryx (Artiodactyla: Mammalia) remains from the lower Siwaliks of Pakistan.
Com a ausencia de formas intermediarias, a origem da Ordem Artiodactyla e ainda um enigma, diferentemente do Equus caballusem que todos os elos foram encontrados.
Esta situacion se hace todavia mas evidente cuando se considera la representacion taxonomica luego de la realizacion de remontajes mecanicos (Figura 4), dado que se reduce Notoriamente la cantidad de especimenes asignados a Artiodactyla, sugiriendo que la mayoria de los especimenes recuperados pertenecian originalmente a la familia Camelidae cuyo MNI corresponde a un solo individuo (Tabla 3).
Table 1: Wildlife species population structure in study location of Kwale Forest Reserve CLASS ORDER FAMILY COMMON NAME ORDER MAMMALIA Carnivora Viverridae March mongoose African Civet Felidae Forest Gene Mustelidae Palm civet Serval Leopard Cape Clawless Otter Carnivora Carnidae Fox Mustelidae Spotted necked otter Warthog Artiodactyla Red River--hog Suidae Hippopotamu Hippopotamus Bovidae African buffalo Sitatunga Blue duker Kob, Bushbuck Primate Galagidae Dwarf Galago Cercopithedidae Mona monkey Pata monkey White-nose monkey Rodentia Sciuridae Redless Tree- Squirrle Giant forest- Cricetidae Squirrel Gambian Giant-rat.
ALL MOOSE OF North America and Europe belong to the scientific order Artiodactyla, which designates even-toed mammals, and the family Cervidae, which includes all deer.