Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.


(vertebrate zoology)
An order of terrestrial, herbivorous mammals characterized by having an even number of toes and by having the main limb axes pass between the third and fourth toes.



an order of mammals. Each foot has two or four digits; the third and fourth digits are most highly developed because they bear most of the body weight. The toes are enclosed in horny caps, or hooves. The molars are alveolar or tuberculate and are adapted for grinding tough vegetable food. The clavicle is absent. Unlike perissodactyls, the third trochanter of the femur is absent. Artiodactyls are vegetarians. The stomach is most often compound, with several compartments, and is adapted for digesting coarse fodder.

There are two suborders of artiodactyls: Nonruminantia and Ruminantia. The suborder Nonruminantia comprises the families Hippopotamidae and Suidae. The Ruminantia embrace six families: Camelidae, Tragulidae, Cervidae, Antilocapridae, Bovidae, and Giraffidae. The Camelidae are sometimes regarded as the separate suborder Tylopoda or as a separate order. Most agricultural animals, including swine, camels, cattle, sheep, and goats, are artiodactyls.


Sokolov, I.I. Kopytnye zveri (Otriady Perissodactyla i Artiodactyla). Moscow-Leningrad, 1959, (Fauna SSSR: Mlekopitaiushchie, vol. 1, part 3.)
Mlekopitaiushchie Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 1. Edited by V. G. Geptner and N. P. Naumov. Moscow, 1961.


References in periodicals archive ?
En la categoria Artiodactyla no se observo ninguna marca y solamente una lasca osea presento huellas de percusion --hoyos y estrias-- en el conjunto de mamiferos indeterminados.
1998): Presencia de Leptotheridium (Dacrytheriidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia) en el yacimiento eocenico de Caenes (Cuenca del Duero, Salamanca, Espana).
Artiodactyla P (%) ENDOPARASITOS * Tayassu tajacu (n=1) Orden Ascaridida - - Physocephalus spp.
Order Family Species Habitat Carnivora Canidae Pseudalopex GT culpaeus Felidae Lynchailurus GT jacobita Mustelidae Galictis cuja GT Artiodactyla Camelidae Vicugna vicugna GT Rodentia Muridae Akodon albiventer T Akodon boliviensis GT Auliscomys sublimis T Bolomys amoenus GT Calomys lepidus GT Chroeomys jelskii T Phyllotis T xanthopygus Lagomorpha Leporidae Oryctolagus GT cuniculus Table 4.
BOX 1-1 DOMESTIC PIGS ARE KNOWN BY THEIR FULL SCIENTIFIC NAME AS: Phylum Order Suborder Family Genus Species Mammalia Artiodactyla Suina Suidae Sus Scrofa
between mammalian orders, we also calculated the correlation coefficients for life tables of orders Artiodactyla, Rodentia, and Carnivora.
The group focused on whales and members of the order Artiodactyla, the group that paleontologists in recent years have considered whales' closest living relatives.
Molecular phylogeny of Rodentia, Lagomorpha, Primates, Artiodactyla, and Carnivora and molecular clocks.
Uber die Tragulidae und ihre beziehungen zu den ubrigen Artiodactyla.
Argali (Ovis ammon), also known as the big sheep in Artiodactyla, Ruminantia, Boridae, Caprinae, genus Ovis, belongs to wild animals under the second class state protection [1].
Se evaluo tafonomicamente una asociacion de mamiferos (Xenarthra, Notoungulata, Carnivora, Artiodactyla y Proboscidea) recuperada de niveles interpretados como paleocauces de la Formacion Rio Bermejo (Formosa, Argentina) y asignada al Pleistoceno tardio-Holoceno temprano.