Arts and Crafts movement
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Arts and Crafts movement(1880–1891)
A movement which restored creativity to the decorative arts and indirectly to architecture. Architects such as Henry Van de Velde, Joseph Hoffman, and Charles Rennie Mackintosh had a very strong influence on this movement. It abandoned the stylistic imitation of the nineteenth century and laid the groundwork for the creative works of the Art Nouveau styles that followed.
Arts and Crafts Movement
A group of architects and artisans who emphasized the importance of craftsmanship and high standards in all architectural details; greatly influenced by the outstanding work of William Morris and his company of craftsmen near London. Beginning in the late 19th century and extending into the early 20th century, this movement had a significant impact in America on the Prairie style with its low-pitched roofs and widely overhanging eaves, and on the Craftsman style. In particular, excellent craftsmanship and superior detailing was embraced in the designs of the architects Charles Sumner Greene (1868–1957) and his brother Henry Mather Greene (1870–1954) of Pasadena, California, whose work exemplified architectural details carried to a high art.