Araceae

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Related to Arum lilies: Calla aethiopica

Araceae

[ə′rās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of herbaceous flowering plants in the order Arales; plants have stems, roots, and leaves, the inflorescence is a spadix, and the growth habit is terrestrial or sometimes more or less aquatic; well-known members include dumb cane (Dieffenbachia), jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema), and Philodendron.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Araceae

 

a family of monocotyledonous plants. They are grassy perennials, often with thickened rhizomes or tubers; also climbing shrubs or semishrubs; and occasionally dendroid forms or epiphytes. The flowers are bisexual or unisexual in the spadices, with a bright covering. There are about 110 genera and 2,000 species, mainly in tropical regions. There are seven genera and 14 species in the USSR. Many Araceae contain a milky sap that is often poisonous. Among the Araceae are the taro, alocasias, and the yautia (Xanthosoma), which are important food crops; and also the anthuriums, monsteras, philodendrons, Indian kale, and others, which are widespread hothouse and house plants. In the USSR the bog arum grows in swampy areas, and the cuckoo pint is found in shady forests. Some species of Araceae (for example, plants of the genus Acora) are used in medicine and in the manufacture of perfume.

REFERENCE

Kuzeneva, O. I. “Aroidnye.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 3. Leningrad, 1935.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
They are usually covered with knobbly wart-like growths, but these are mini arum lilies which can be snapped off and potted on in wee pots of sandy compost.
If you want to make some floral statements, try Peonies (Paeonia officinalis), Arum lilies and hollyhocks.
The bath has extravagant sweeping contours, while the basin rises like arum lilies. No piece has conventional taps, instead water cascades from a concealed inlet on the bath and basin.
Some are very beautiful, like arum Lilies. Others are, I admit, somewhat dodgy, with creepy brown spathes and a disgusting aroma of rotting meat.
Plant arum lilies when danger of frost has passed, either in moist soil or up to 30cm (12in) deep in a pool to grow as water plants.
PLANT exotic summer-flowering bulbs such as arum lilies and cannas in pots indoors ready for planting out after the frosts.
Best performers: Calla or arum lilies; Carnations; Orchids; Floating aquatic plants.
5 Mango arum lilies and viburnum berries (pounds 77) in a cylindrical vase (pounds 30, House Of Fraser).
POT up cannas and arum lilies in large terracotta tubs ready for adding an exotic touch to your summer patio.
For summer, there are purple and yellow Iris foetidissima and arum lilies, while autumn displays are provided by free-flowering little Cyclamen hederifolium and naked ladies, Colchicum autumnale, sometimes wrongly called autumn crocuses.
"Men like angular flowers with strong architectural shapes," says Paula, who suggests anthurium and arum lilies for a bold display.
PLANT exotic summer-flowering bulbs such as arum lilies and cannas indoors ready for planting out after the frosts.