Shatt al-Arab

(redirected from Arvand Rood)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shatt al-Arab

 

a river in the Mesopotamian Lowland.

The Shatt al-Arab is 195 km long and drains an area of more than 1 million sq km. Formed near the city of al-Qurnah by the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, it forms a delta before emptying into the Persian Gulf. The channel of the river is between 700 and 1,000 m wide and from 7 to 20 m deep. The Karun River is a left tributary of the Shatt al-Arab.

High water on the Shatt al-Arab occurs in the spring; the water level is low in the autumn. The mean flow rate generally ranges from 1,000–2,000 cu m per sec to 6,000–8,000 cu m per sec; in particularly wet years it may reach 10,000–12,000 cu m per sec. The river is navigable; oceangoing vessels can sail as far as Basra. The cities of Basra (Iraq) and Abadan (Iran) are situated on the Shatt al-Arab.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Arvand Rood River flows in the townships of Khoram Shahr, Abadan and to the west of the Minoo Island, as well as on the borders of Iran and Iraq.
Iran subjected recognition of Iraq as country to settled disputes over the Arvand Rood (Shatt al-Arab) and respect of Iranian citizen's rights after establishment of Iraq.
Handing over thousands of kilometers of Iran land to Ottoman and critical centers remained on the border as the Arvand Rood border are among those interventions inheritance.
In accordance with paragraphs (a) and (b) of the first Article the (Mahaleh) island, Abadan, and some small islands near that and the new harbor, Mohammareh, top and bottom of the Karun river confluence with Arvand Rood were still under the rule of Iran according to the Second Treaty of Erzurum Iran and insisted that its Iran territory is not expanded along the Arvand out of the harbor.
The Algiers Accord, which Iran and Iraq signed in 1975, set the border between the two nations in the middle of the waterway that empties into the Persian Gulf, known as Arvand Rood in Iran and Shatt-al-Arab in Iraq.
Tourist attraction Arvand Rood River The Arvand Rood River flows in the townships of Khoram Shahr, Abadan and to the west of the Minoo Island, as well as on the borders of Iran and Iraq.