Shatt al-Arab

(redirected from Arvand Roud)

Shatt al-Arab

 

a river in the Mesopotamian Lowland.

The Shatt al-Arab is 195 km long and drains an area of more than 1 million sq km. Formed near the city of al-Qurnah by the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, it forms a delta before emptying into the Persian Gulf. The channel of the river is between 700 and 1,000 m wide and from 7 to 20 m deep. The Karun River is a left tributary of the Shatt al-Arab.

High water on the Shatt al-Arab occurs in the spring; the water level is low in the autumn. The mean flow rate generally ranges from 1,000–2,000 cu m per sec to 6,000–8,000 cu m per sec; in particularly wet years it may reach 10,000–12,000 cu m per sec. The river is navigable; oceangoing vessels can sail as far as Basra. The cities of Basra (Iraq) and Abadan (Iran) are situated on the Shatt al-Arab.

References in periodicals archive ?
He also noted that up to the next four weeks dredging operations will be launched in Arvand Roud enabling 12-thousand-ton ships to navigate in the waterway.
The two countries have long sought to resolve problems pertaining to a shared stretch of water, called Arvand Roud.
The envoy also said another joint workgroup would begin its work a few days after the first group to study the conditions of two countries' water borders (the Arvand river).The two countries have long sought to resolve problems pertaining to a shared stretch of water, called Arvand Roud. Arvand Roud (known as the Shatt al-Arab in Arabic), a strategic 200 kilometers long (120-mile) extension of the Karoun river in Iran and the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Iraq, runs between Iraq and Iran, separating the two countries by a width of 400 to 1,500 meters (437 to 1,640 yards) before flowing into the Persian Gulf.