Shatt al-Arab

(redirected from Arvand Rud)

Shatt al-Arab

 

a river in the Mesopotamian Lowland.

The Shatt al-Arab is 195 km long and drains an area of more than 1 million sq km. Formed near the city of al-Qurnah by the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, it forms a delta before emptying into the Persian Gulf. The channel of the river is between 700 and 1,000 m wide and from 7 to 20 m deep. The Karun River is a left tributary of the Shatt al-Arab.

High water on the Shatt al-Arab occurs in the spring; the water level is low in the autumn. The mean flow rate generally ranges from 1,000–2,000 cu m per sec to 6,000–8,000 cu m per sec; in particularly wet years it may reach 10,000–12,000 cu m per sec. The river is navigable; oceangoing vessels can sail as far as Basra. The cities of Basra (Iraq) and Abadan (Iran) are situated on the Shatt al-Arab.

References in periodicals archive ?
Referring to Iran-Iraq agreements on dredging Arvand Rud, the president said, "Accelerating the implementation of this agreement is in the interest of the two nations and people living on the banks of the river in Iran and Iraq".
The only serious dispute has been over the Shatt al-Arab, or Arvand Rud to the Iranians, at times during the 19th and 20th centuries.
The Karun river continues toward the Persian Gulf, forking into two primary branches on its delta: the Bahmanshir and the Haffar that joins the Shatt al-Arab (Arvand Rud in Persian), emptying into the Persian Gulf.
The Iran-Iraq boundary runs for 1,458 kilometers, from the Shatt al-Arab (known as Arvand Rud in Iran) waterway to the tri-point boundary with modern Turkey at the Kuh e-Dalanper.
A row over the border and control of the Shatt al-Arab waterway, known as Arvand Rud in Iran, was a factor leading to the Iran-Iraq 1980-88 war which left about a million dead.
Referring to sediment removal of Arvand Rud President Rouhani said, "Based on the 1975 treaty, this sediment removal is beneficial for both countries, and the cities of Basra, Khorramshahr, and Abadan."
He also mentioned banking relations and using national currencies of the two countries in trade relations, as well as restoration of Arvand Rud.
Referring to sediment removal of Arvand Rud, President Rouhani said, "Based on the 1975 treaty, this sediment removal is beneficial for both countries, and the cities of Basra, Khorramshahr, and Abadan."