Shatt al-Arab

(redirected from Arvand river)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shatt al-Arab


a river in the Mesopotamian Lowland.

The Shatt al-Arab is 195 km long and drains an area of more than 1 million sq km. Formed near the city of al-Qurnah by the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, it forms a delta before emptying into the Persian Gulf. The channel of the river is between 700 and 1,000 m wide and from 7 to 20 m deep. The Karun River is a left tributary of the Shatt al-Arab.

High water on the Shatt al-Arab occurs in the spring; the water level is low in the autumn. The mean flow rate generally ranges from 1,000–2,000 cu m per sec to 6,000–8,000 cu m per sec; in particularly wet years it may reach 10,000–12,000 cu m per sec. The river is navigable; oceangoing vessels can sail as far as Basra. The cities of Basra (Iraq) and Abadan (Iran) are situated on the Shatt al-Arab.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Iran's foreign minister also told lawmakers that necessary guarantees have been taken from other littoral states of the Caspian Sea not to make any decision on the sea's legal regime in the absence of Iran, because "the issue of the Caspian Sea, unlike the issue of the Arvand River between Iran and Iraq, is not a bilateral issue ...
The Arvand River, also known as Shatt al Arab in Arabic, is one of the natural frontiers that separates Iraq and Iran.
While Minoo is technically an island, only a very small and narrow channel of the Arvand River separates Minoo from the mainland and the city of Abadan.
Finally, some experts claimed, more that 4 million Bareilly, Oil spill into Persian Gulf, this is one of the biggest environmental disaster that contain Arvand river bank to Iran and Kuwait bank and Persian Gulf and Oman sea (see pictures 1, 2, 3).
The border runs through the Shatt Al Arab, which is called the Arvand River by Iran.
The troops were detained after their boats apparently strayed on to the Iranian side of the Shatt al-Arab waterway, or Arvand River, that runs along the Iran-Iraq border while delivering a patrol boat to Iraq's new river police.
'If the Iraqi regime had left power two weeks ago there would not have been lots of human suffering and pain,' said Mohammad Ali, 67, who runs a tinygrocery store next to the Arvand river, known as the Shatt al-Arab to Iraqis, which separates Abadan from Iraq.
Speaking last December, Director General of the Railway and Technical Structures Department at the Islamic Republic of Iran Railways (RAI) Mohammad Mousavi said Iran was planning to build a movable railway bridge over the Arvand River as part of the Shalamcheh-Basra project.
The railway bridge over the Arvand River costs 22 trillion rials (about $52,380,952), he said.
Tangsiri described what he said was the Pasdaran's detention of four US military men and two Kuwaitis in the Persian Gulf more than a decade ago for trying to cross the Arvand River, the border between Iran and Iraq, with weapons.
Subsequently, four government representatives signed the Istanbul Protocol of 1913, according to it Russian and Britain governments were appointed responsible for determining the boundaries between Ottoman and Iran and Arvand River went under the rule of Ottoman and Britain.