Arya Samaj

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Arya Samaj:

see Saraswati, DayanandaSaraswati, Dayananda
, 1824–83, Indian religious reformer, founder of the Arya Samaj movement. He was a Brahman from Gujarat who became the major spokesman for the 19th-century Hindu revival that placed exclusive authority in the Vedas.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Arya Samaj


(in Hindi, Society of the Aryans), a religious, reformist, and educational society in India, which originated in 1875 and was basically composed of members of the petit bourgeois intelligentsia. Its founder was Dayananda Sara-svati. The Arya Samaj called for the independence of India and the rebirth of its national culture. It fought against the caste system and espoused the advancement of enlightenment and the enactment of religious and customary social reforms. The activity of Arya Samaj prepared the ground for the awakening of national consciousness and the development of the national liberation movement. In 1891 the society had about 40,000 members. In contemporary India it exists as a small religious group.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
He is a Telugu-speaker who got attracted to the Arya Samaj at a very young age.
Now known as the Government Faizul Islam High School for Boys No.1, the school was opened in 1899 by Arya Samaj, a Hindu reform movement, as part of its network of Dayanand Anglo-Vedic schools in the Potohar region.
In 2006, Rampal criticised Hindu sect Arya Samaj. A case was registered against him in the Punjab and Haryana High Court.
A proper Janeu and Mundan ceremony was performed at the Arya Samaj Temple near the Kotwali police station after which they were given new names, he added.
The NA body proceeded to Quetta's Masjid road where it visited and inspected old Hindu temple, "Arya Samaj".
The couple, who got engaged in New York earlier this year, had an Arya Samaj wedding ceremony at a farmhouse in Ghitorni here.
He was awarded the sum for unpaid wages and breach of contract in a judgment at Birmingham County Court by His Hon Judge Charles Purle, QC after he sued Arya Samaj Vedic Mission (West Midlands), in Nechells.
Dr Harish Chandra was awarded the cash figure following a judgment at Birmingham County Court after he sued Arya Samaj Vedic Mission, in Nechells.
Vagheesh, Vedic scholar from Arya Samaj said that "one should look at the background of the 'Leader' and 'The policies of the party' while voting".
It was on 4 March 2013 that both of them got married at Arya Samaj Vivah Mandirand registered their marriage with the Registrar, Hindu Marriages, Ghaziabad.
It does so by particularly focusing on the shuddhi movement (purification; conversion from other religions to Hinduism and reclamation of lower castes into the Hindu caste hierarchy) and the sangathan movement (organization; community defense) in the United Provinces (present-day Uttar Pradesh, henceforth UP), which were launched by the Arya Samaj, an activist Hindu revivalist and reformist movement founded in 1875.