Arya Samaj


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Arya Samaj:

see Saraswati, DayanandaSaraswati, Dayananda
, 1824–83, Indian religious reformer, founder of the Arya Samaj movement. He was a Brahman from Gujarat who became the major spokesman for the 19th-century Hindu revival that placed exclusive authority in the Vedas.
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Arya Samaj

 

(in Hindi, Society of the Aryans), a religious, reformist, and educational society in India, which originated in 1875 and was basically composed of members of the petit bourgeois intelligentsia. Its founder was Dayananda Sara-svati. The Arya Samaj called for the independence of India and the rebirth of its national culture. It fought against the caste system and espoused the advancement of enlightenment and the enactment of religious and customary social reforms. The activity of Arya Samaj prepared the ground for the awakening of national consciousness and the development of the national liberation movement. In 1891 the society had about 40,000 members. In contemporary India it exists as a small religious group.

L. I. IUREVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
If he went to an Arya Samaj function, they wouldn't serve the Prasad until he and the other few Brahmo's present would get up and leave.
of Drain from Shop of Pali Kheda to Arya Samaj Mandir and Pruthi Halwai to Main Rohtak Bhiwani Road via Ambedkar Bhawan, Ward no 13, Kalanaur.
He was the first to open an account with the PNB in its first office opposite Arya Samaj Mandir in Anarkali in Lahore.
In a paper on Hindu nationalism (published in the 1920s), Bhai Parmanand, a foremost activist of the Hindu reformist outfit Arya Samaj, insisted that the Hindus and Muslims were two separate nations who were 'irreconcilable.
Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad, Arya Samaj, Vishwa Hindu Preshad, Bajrang Dal, Shiv Sinha and Abhinav Bharat are among those Hindu fundamentalist and extremist militant organisations pursuing Hindutva ideology - resorting to Saffron Terrorism.
The first cow protection move was initiated at the national level by the founder of Arya Samaj Swami Dayanda Sarswati 1882.
A proper Janeu and Mundan ceremony was performed at the Arya Samaj Temple near the Kotwali police station after which they were given new names, he added.
To stop the growing tide of proselytization, indigenous organizations such as Arya Samaj and Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) emerged.
The Arya Samaj was heavily influenced by the work of the Brahmo Samaj; in 1875, it translated the Vedas, Hinduism's ancient Sanskrit holy texts, into vernacular languages and pushed for literacy as a way of building an inclusive religious community.
Studies by anthropologists John Kelly and Martha Kaplan (working in Fiji) and Peter van der Veer and Steven Vertovec (working in the Caribbean) have generatively analyzed the influence of Hindu reformist missionaries associated with Swami Dayananda's Arya Samaj (founded in the 1870s) on communities formed by migrants from India.
Bodies like Arya Samaj were put together by Swami Dayanand Saraswati who stressed that the original Hindu spirituality and culture had all the answers' required.
Rampal was out on bail in a 2006 murder case in which he was accused of inciting his followers to fire at Arya Samaj protesters outside his Rohtak ashram in which one person was killed.