Aryan Race

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Related to Aryanism: Arianism

Aryan Race

 

a pseudoscientific term advanced in the mid-19th century by the authors of reactionary “theories” of race. The falsity of the term is found in the confusion of the concepts of linguistic and racial classification. In linguistics the Indo-Iranian languages are called Aryan; however, their speakers do not have common physical characteristics and do not constitute a race. The term “Aryan race” was used by the German fascists, who asserted the existence of a separate “higher” Aryan race composed mainly of Germans.

References in periodicals archive ?
He feels betrayed by Gurudeva's integration of Aryanism in a landmark working-class rebellion which, however, ensures his legendary status in the annals of the island's history.
Muller's philology inevitably leads to a discussion of the novel's Aryanism, and Seed is particularly insightful in drawing out the novel's complication of Aryan supremacy, "balancing evolutionary optimism against the gloomier implications of the 'last man' theme" (xxxiii).
A reading of the Italian twins within Twain's 1894 novel, Pudd'nhead Wilson--aligned with the actual, conjoined Tocci brothers, who toured Germany during the late nineteenth century--appears as a precarious locus for an argument that seeks to unite racial logic, transnationalism, and German interests in Aryanism as a model for citizenship, all refracted through Twain's interest in the Antebellum South.
Manned by a bizarre mix of maniacs and serious scientists, the work of the Ahnenerbe included looking for the roots of Aryanism in Tibet and Bolivia and creating a skeleton collection by choosing among live Jews, gassing them, and stripping the flesh from their bones.
Crombie's meticulous historicizing of Dupain's photographs serves to locate Form at Bondi within iconographies of Aryanism and white supremacy, a context that is often elided in purely formalist readings of his work.
Swedish pastors stopped marriages between "Aryan" Germans and Swedish Jews for violating the Nuremberg laws promoting Aryanism.
To the extent that Aryanism persists in them, social fraternities represent a basic threat to democracy in the United States.
Aryanism does not emerge in a deliberate and tendentious opposition to the Orient or Africa, as Samir Amin, Edward Said, and Martin Bernal have argued; it emerges in the distinction between the various "lower" races of Europe, which included the Latins, Celts, and Slavs.
The significance of this claim is that it posits a historically framed, if empirically tenuous, counterpart of Aryanism, stripped of overt racism and association with Nazism.
Likewise, a sense of national humiliation after the Napoleonic conquest inspired German patriotism and national feeling; but it also sowed the first seeds of Aryanism and exalted national pride.
2) See especially Tony Ballantyne, Orientalism and race: Aryanism and the British Empire (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002).
During the same years neopagan and occult movements gained adherents and incubated their own form of Aryanism.