Aryan Race

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Aryan Race

 

a pseudoscientific term advanced in the mid-19th century by the authors of reactionary “theories” of race. The falsity of the term is found in the confusion of the concepts of linguistic and racial classification. In linguistics the Indo-Iranian languages are called Aryan; however, their speakers do not have common physical characteristics and do not constitute a race. The term “Aryan race” was used by the German fascists, who asserted the existence of a separate “higher” Aryan race composed mainly of Germans.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Eurasian Mission is published by Arktos Media, an incontrovertibly "Aryanist" or white supremacist outfit.
After Germany's stunning defeat and the ruinous terms of peace, Hitler became a full blown Aryanist and anti-Semite.
Mikako Iwatake describes how Kunio Yanagida (1875-1962) constructed a form of folkloristics that was uniquely Japanese but lay within the framework of German philology, which, according to Iwatake, is tainted with "Aryanist racism, Eurocentrism, nationalism and sexism" (207).
Moreover, `impure' races already constituted part of the Portuguese, a people of Latin origin, which in an Aryanist perspective was a mark of inferiority in relation to the Saxons, the Germans and even the Slavs.
The roots of European culture that he identifies belong predominantly to the Semitic Orient, and one of Molefi Asante's disciples, Kwesi Otabil, in his recent The Agonistic Imperative points out with some justice that Bernal, as an Anglo-Jewish-American, belongs to the Indo-Aryan-European group and must himself be counted as an Aryanist. Second, much of what he has uncovered has been said before.
To Oberg, Morris (particularly in The Roots of the Mountains and The Wood Beyond the World) is both an Aryanist and a Social Darwinist (Oberg, 1978, 112-3).
The narrative reinterpretation of these historians also liberated them from the racialist and Aryanist construction to which they had been subjected earlier.
But this catalogue of virtues, which would an age ago have been grist for Aryanist mills, is shown by Wolf to have ironic undertones.
His positive orientalism countered the views of Aryanists, such as Matthew Arnold and E.A.